Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Great Brown Autumn Sedge
3.   Little Yellow Quills
4.   Needle Stoneflies
5.   Crane Flies
6.   Hellgrammite
7.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
8.   Midges

Stream and Lake Destinations - Wolf River, Wisconsin
This stream doesn't have a steelhead run like the past few streams we have linked
from our Perfect Fly website's "Stream" section, but we thought you may find it
interesting. We certainly did when we first fished the
Wolf River.

Most of Wisconsin is covered in water. There are thousands of lakes but not many
cold water rivers. This is one of the few trout streams in the state that isn't a spring
creek and it almost could be considered one. Much of its water comes from springs.
One main feeder stream in its headwaters is a spring creek and many other small
springs supply water along the rivers course. Most all of the smaller tributaries are
spring fed.

Although this river is so far north it's almost in Canada, its water can become too
warm for trout in many areas of the river during the summer. That's why the state
stocks it with brown trout. Its natural reproduction isn't good enough to provide the
population of brown trout the state wants it to have. Brook trout are very plentiful
and grow very large. They are caught over five pounds as a matter of routine;
however, they only exist in the spring creek feeder streams and the ponds.
It made
us stop and realize just how important the high elevations are to the
streams in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
The streams in the Smokies
above about 3500 feet stay as cool as the Wolf River in the hot summer. During the
hot summer, the brown trout in the Wolf River seek the fast water of the rapid
sections of the river, and the numerous springs that flow into the river from a few
small tributary streams. Most of the better trout fishing in the Wolf River is reserved
for the Menominee Indians. They have twenty-six of its sixty miles of trout waters.

Basics of Fly Fishing:
Leaders - Part 6

If you have been keeping up with the past articles on leaders, those of your that are
new to the sport of fly fishing should be realizing that there's a lot more to leaders
than one would expect. For one thing, they have a lot to do with how accurate
someone can cast. Even more importantly, they have a lot to do with how well the fly
is presented. It doesn't mater how well or accurate you cast if the fly doesn't drift
drag free.

You could conceivably have a leader for just about every species of fish and type of
water and even those would probably need modifying for certain methods of fishing.
Some manufacturers have taken advantage of this and have tried to convince
anglers that they need to purchase a special leader for everything. You really don't.
What you do need to be able to do is to modify leaders to fit whatever situation you

For example, in the Smokies, when you are fishing the fast pocket water in the small
streams, you want a short leader for a purpose many don't stop to think about.
When you are making short, upstream cast, the best way to prevent drag in the
always present conflicting currents is to keep the fly line out of the water as much
as possible. If you make a short fifteen foot cast, for example, and hold the tip of the
rod high in the air, most of the line in the water is leader, not fly line. This lets you
control the drag much better than either mending the line or making a slack line
cast, although I like to use a combination of both.

If you use a long leader, say 12 foot, for example, and you make a 15 foot cast, you
only have 3 feet of fly line out of the tip of the rod. That makes the cast tougher
than it should be. You are casting all leader. It is best to use a short leader under
these conditions. A tapered leader of 7.5 feet works better than a 9 or 12 foot
leader in this case.

On the other hand, if you are fishing a long run in Little River or Deep Creek, for
example, you would be better off using a 9 foot leader. You couldn't possibly hold
you fly line out of the water during the drift. You would need to rely on slack line
cast and mending techniques.

The other thing you must consider, is that every time you tie on a fly, you have
shortened the tippet part of the leader. The tippet part is for the most part, too short
to begin with, for many situations. The manufacturers do that deliberately to make it
cast better. The leader is mostly butt and mid section. If a leader has a long tippet
portion, it doesn't cast as well.  Continued....

Copyright 2009 James Marsh