Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Great Brown Autumn Sedge
3.   Little Yellow Quills
4.   Needle Stoneflies
5.   Crane Flies
6.   Hellgrammite
7.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
8.   Midges

Stream and Lake Destinations - Boardman River, Michigan
For the past two days, I have linked streams in Michigan that are tributaries of the
Great Lakes with steelhead fishing as well as trout. I will continue with the
Boardman River, another fine trout stream with a spring and fall run of steelhead.

Like the past two Michigan streams, the Boardman River has its claim to history.
The story goes that Mr. Len Halladay  developed the "Adams" fly specifically for the
trout in the Boardman River. He named the fly after his friend Judge Charlie

Most of the images you see on the four pages of the Boardman section were taken
in the upper part of the stream which has some large brown trout but probably too
many brook trout. It is one of the streams featured in our "
Small Stream Brook
Trout" DVD.

New (Old) Midge Flies:
We have added several standard midge flies to our "Perfect Fly" website that have
been around for some time. One of the newer ones is the
Disco Midge The one in
the image is a pearl Disco Midge but we also have them in olive and tan.

If you are a fan of the Disco midge fly, then
you can purchase them here in hook
sizes 18 and 20 delivered to your front door in any quantity you want for only $.79
each. By the way, these are not substandard flies. These are top quality flies that
you pay twice that price for in most fly shops.

Basics of Fly Fishing:
Leaders - Part 4

Yesterday, I continued with leaders explaining that it was difficult to determine what
you were buying when you purchased a factory tapered leader because of either all
of the superfluous information provided by the manufacturer, or the lack of
information altogether. I also explained that anytime you purchase a leader, or the
material to make one, you are compromising between several characteristics. Hard
material is more resistant to abrasion but less supple. Soft material is less abrasive
resistant but more supple. The stiffness (suppleness) of the material can affect the
way a fly drifts. The temperature of the air and water affects the suppleness of the
material. Knot strength is also a consideration. Whether to use nylon or
fluorocarbon is yet another consideration.

I previously mentioned that most all leaders are made from nylon, fluorocarbon or a
combination of both. When fluorocarbon first became popular, it was thought to be
far superior to nylon for leaders and tippets. I recall the first time Angie and I fished
the Frying Pan River in Colorado. We were getting a lot of refusals from the trout.
When I mentioned that in a local fly shop, the salesman asked if we were using
fluorocarbon leaders. My answer was no. He immediately exclaimed that was our
problem. He said the trout in the Frying Pan were so picky from having seen so
many flies that fluorocarbon leaders and tippet were necessary. That was the first
time I ever used a fluorocarbon leader. We walked out of the fly shop with far less
money than we went in with, but with plenty of fluorocarbon leaders and tippet
material. As far as we were able to determine, it had no effect on the number of
refusals we got during the next few days of fishing.

After the "new" wore off fluorocarbon leaders and tippets, their popularity
decreased considerably. Most anglers that use fluorocarbon, use it for tippet on
their nylon leaders. Most leader manufacturers have both types for tippet material.
Fluorocarbon sinks faster than nylon. It doesn't absorb water like nylon does. It is
somewhat less visible under water than nylon. The fact that it doesn't float as well
as nylon makes it less useful for dry fly fishing in the eyes of most anglers. Its use
this day in time is mostly for nymph fishing in extremely clear water.

About the only way you can determine which leaders and tippet material you prefer
is by trial and error. That's the procedure we used In determining the specifications
for our new "Perfect Fly" line of nylon leaders. We purchased everything made by
every company that makes leaders and tippets and compared them. We also tied
up many leaders from all the various types of nylon line we could find. Determining
the best material is one thing. Deciding where the points of transitions occur and
the strength of the material used in each segment of the taper is yet another
consideration. We will discuss that tomorrow.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh