Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Mahogany Duns
3.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
4.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching (Little Summer Stones)
5.   Slate Drakes - hatching
6.   Cream Cahills - hatching in Isolated locations
7.   Beetles
8.   Grasshoppers
9.   Ants
10. Inch Worms
11. Crane Flies
12. Helligramite
13. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Czech Nymph Method of Fishing - Part 3

The Czech rig their nymph system using a strike indicator. It is attached to the
leader right at the end of the fly line. They usually use a very small strike indicator
made of fluorescent Dacron. They use floatant to keep in from sinking. You can use
any type of indicator but I would suggest you keep it as small as possible. I do like
the types that you can quickly and easily change or remove.

In the Smokies I would suggest you use a leader made of regular mono fishing line.
Eight # test mono line would work just fine. You can use fluorocarbon line if you
prefer. There is no reason to use a tapered leader. The length of the leader from
the fly line to the dropper fly should be about one and a half to two times the depth
of the water you are fishing. If you are fishing water that is three feet deep, then
that distance would be about five feet. The flies should be rigged with the heaviest
fly tied on a dropper that is about 8 inches long. It should be attached to the leader
about 18 inches from the fly on the tag end of the leader. This would make the
overall length of the leader (using the 3 feet of water and 5 feet of leader to the first
fly example) about six and a half feet long. That is 5 feet to the dropper and one
and a half feet to the fly on the tag end of the leader. I wouldn't go over eight feet
long for the total length of the leader in the Smokies.

The dropper, which can be made of the same 8 # test line, should be attached to
the leader with a Uni-knot. If you want to you can use a lighter line for the dropper
such as 6 # test line. That way if you hang the dropper fly up on the bottom, you
wouldn't break off both flies when you pulled it loose. The end fly should be the
lightest fly and it should be tied directly to the tag end of the leader.

Now if you use the actual Czech Nymphs, which are heavily weighted, you may not
need to add any weight. As I mentioned before, if the Czech anglers do need
additional weight they use tungsten beads placed right at the head of the flies.
Whatever flies you use, keep in mind that the idea is to have enough weight to
quickly get the flies down to the bottom.

I don't use the Czech Nymphs which are heavily weighted flies. That is simply
because I don't use generic flies of any type, dry, wet or nymphs. I use my own
"Perfect Fly" specific imitations of whatever I think the trout are eating. You can use
whatever type of flies you prefer including the real Czech Nymphs. I will get into fly
selection and the Czech method used to fish them tomorrow.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh