Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Mahogany Duns
3.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
4.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching (Little Summer Stones)
5.   Slate Drakes - hatching
6.   Cream Cahills - hatching in Isolated locations
7.   Beetles
8.   Grasshoppers
9.   Ants
10. Inch Worms
11. Crane Flies
12. Helligramite
13. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Czech Nymph Method of Fishing - Part 2
Everyone knows that big trout are far more apt to feed below the surface than on it.
Everyone should know that all trout feed far more below the surface than on it. The
Check Nymph Method of fishing simply puts the fly down where the trout are looking
for food. It is a fast water technique. You must be able to get close to the trout
without spooking them they same way you do using the "high stickin" method.

The Czech anglers use a longer rod than we are used to using. The average would
probably be ten feet. I don't own a fly rod over nine feet except for my spey rods.
The problem with using the spey rods is that they are usually too heavy. You want
the rod/reel/line combination to be light as possible. You want to be able to feel the
takes as much as possible and to be able to set the hood without breaking the
tippet. You want some flex in the rod when you are fighting a fish where sudden
surges don't break the tippet. For that reason I don't want a rod with too stiff of a tip
but it seems a slightly stiff tipped rod helps feel what the flies are doing. I use the
same rods I use for the high sticking method - a nine foot, either 4 or 5 weight rod.
You can use a 6 weight I suppose, but I think that is quite heavy for the Smokies.
The Czech guys use a 3 or 4 weight rod that is ten feet or longer. Just remember
you are not casting the rod so it casting characteristics isn't that important.

They prefer fly lines that are highly visible but again, I don't. I guess these things
are a matter of individual preference and may not even make any difference with
this method. Their justification is that they want to be able to see the line easily.
Watching the line and being able to detect the difference in a strike and catching
the bottom is an advantage.

Many of the Czech anglers use a fluorocarbon leader instead of nylon. The theory
is that the smaller diameter of the line for a given strength sinks faster than it does
if the line is made of nylon. They may have a point with that. I have not tested it
either way. They also don't use a tapered leader. Again, tapered leaders are
tapered to assist in the cast and presentation of flies and in this case you are not
casting the flies.

The Czech anglers use three nymphs. It is illegal to use more than two flies in Great
Smoky Mountains National Park, so two should be used. They place the heaviest fly
in the middle. Using two flies you should place the heaviest fly first and the lighter fly
on the tag end of the leader. By the way, they don't mention tippet. They call the
final dropper to the fly leader.

They don't add weight above the flies. Czech style nymphs are weighted heavily
usually with lead wrapped around the hook shank. In exceptionally fast or deep
water they may add a tungsten bead at the head of the fly to increase the weight.
I will get into Czech nymphs and the rigging tomorrow.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh