Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Mahogany Duns
3.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
4.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching (Little Summer Stones)
5.   Slate Drakes - hatching
6.   Cream Cahills - hatching in Isolated locations
7.   Beetles
8.   Grasshoppers
9.   Ants
10. Inch Worms
11. Crane Flies
12. Helligramite
13. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Needleflies (Stoneflies)

If you fish the streams of Great Smoky Mountains National Park during the late
summer and early autumn months, you are going to see plenty of stoneflies that
many anglers don't recognize as stoneflies. Thats because when they are flying
they look more like  caddisflies or moths than they do stoneflies. These stoneflies
are in the Leuctridae family (Needleflies) of stoneflies. In fact there is a "Smokies
Needlefly" which was discovered in 1938 in Greenbrier Cove. Its scientific name is
Megaleuctra williamsae. Megaleuctra is a genus of the Leuctridae family consisting
of six species.

I don't know that this particular species is the only one found in the Smokies. I would
doubt it simply because they are very common in the higher elevations of the park.
These are very slim stoneflies that average about a half inch long (body length,
wings longer) that are usually a dark brown color.  The
williamsae species is found
in North Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina and Virginia.

Needleflies are present in cold water, highly oxygenated streams throughout most
of the nation and for that reason, we developed an imitation of the nymph and larva
stages of life of this stonefly. We have found plenty of their nymphs in all of the
streams in the higher elevations of the Smokies. I will discuss how we fish our
"Perfect Fly" imitations of these small stoneflies the next couple of days.


Copyright 2009 James Marsh