Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Giant Black Stoneflies - hatching
3.   Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
4    Light Cahills - hatching
5.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
6.   Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
7.   American March Browns - hatching but randomly in isolated locations
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish
9.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching
10. Green Sedges - hatching
11. Little Sister Caddisflies - Mostly Abrams Creek
12. Eastern Pale Evening Duns - (called Sulfurs by some)
13. Sulphurs - hatching in isolated areas

Sulphur - Emergers:
This hatch normally takes place in Great Smoky Mountains National Park from mid-
afternoon until about 7:00 P. M. If the skies are cloudy, it normally starts earlier and
if it is a blue bird sky day, it normally starts late in the afternoon. These nymphs
emerge just under or in the surface skim. The water is usually fairly smooth where
the hatch occurs. This water is always moving slowly.

Emerger Presentation:
The best way to fish the smooth, slow water areas that the sulphurs hatch in is to
fish to individual rising trout. Once you spot one, use a down and across
presentation to get the fly to it. Many anglers call this "technical" fishing. It requires
the same type of presentations sometimes necessary for fly-fishing spring creeks or
smooth flowing tailwaters.

It is always better to be short rather than long on your first cast. You don't want the
leader, and certainly not the fly line, to pass over the fish before you get the fly in
the right place.

You probably will not be able to get very close to trout feeding on emerging
sulphurs. This means a longer cast is necessary. In the slower moving, smooth
water this requires a well presented fly. If you disturb the water very much with any
false cast or misplaced cast, you may spook the trout. We suggest that you use a
leader and tippet that is at least ten to twelve feet long in either a 6X or 7X size. You
want the "Perfect Fly" Emerger and "Perfect Fly" Emerger with Trailing Shuck flies
to float flush in the surface. You have to watch the water carefully for the take.

This is our "Perfect Fly" Sulphur Emerger     

Copyright James Marsh 2009
This is our "Perfect Fly" Sulphur
Emerger with Trailing Shuck