Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - sparse hatches
2. Quill Gordons - hatching but about to end
3. Hendricksons - hatching
4. Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
5. Little Brown Stoneflies - hatching about to end
6. Midges - hatching in isolated locations
7. Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
8. American March Browns - should start within a couple of weeks
9. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Cinnamon Sedges - Part 3

The pupae swim to the surface to hatch almost the same way mayflies do. They are
very available for the trout to eat during this time. This is the best stage of life to
imitate. The problem is being able to determine when a hatch is underway. This is
the big problem most anglers have with fishing a caddisfly hatch. They don't know
when one is occurring until it is too late to fish it. Spotting some of the adults on the
water or banks only tells you that the caddisflies have hatched. The hatch may or
may not still be underway. Most of the time it isn't. Caddisflies can live for several
days after they hatch. Often the caddisflies are emerging at the same time they are
depositing their eggs. If not you will probably not even notice the hatch or see the
fish feeding on them.

Trout eat the pupae as they swim (aided by air bubbles) to the surface to hatch.
Occasionally the trout will jump out of the water eating the pupae. This is one clue
that the hatch is underway and the trout are eating the pupae. The hatch usually
happens in the late afternoon but later in hatch period, it may not occur until dusk.
Keep in mind that these caddisflies hatch in the riffles.

Pupae Presentation:
Imitations of the pupae should be presented in the same manner as the larva
except that you would not weight the fly as much, Cast up and across in the riffles.
You may want to make a longer, down and across cast in smooth water, such as in
areas of the spring creek portion of Abrams Creek. In case you don't know, the
area I am referring to is the short section of the creek above the bridge at the
Abrams Falls parking lot in Cades Cove. When the fly first hits the water, start
mending it to help get it down. You want to rely on mending more than weight to get
the fly down because you want it to return to the surface. Stop the swing of the rod
when the fly is directly downstream from your position. Hold the rod tip fairly high
and allow it to swing all the way around. The trout usually take the fly when it is
rising to the surface.

If you determine that they are emerging in a particular area of the riffles, then you
would want your fly to end up rising to the surface in that same area.  Allow the fly
to sit on the surface for a second or two and repeat the cast in a slightly different

This is our "Perfect Fly" Cinnamon Caddisfly Pupa.

Be sure to check the "Flies you need now" list below. There are already some
changes taking place in the hatches and during the next few days, there will be a lot
of changes in the species that hatch.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh