Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives (Baetis) - sparse hatches
2. Blue Quills - hatching
3. Quill Gordons - hatching
4. Hendricksons - could start any day now - nymphs are important
5. Little Black Caddis - hatching
6. Little Brown Stoneflies - hatching
7. Midges - hatching in isolated locations
8. Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
9. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Little Short-horned Sedges - Adult - Part 3

I mentioned in yesterday's pupae section that the Little Short-horned Sedges
usually hatch out of the water on rocks or the banks of the stream. The egg
laying activity is the best time we have found that you have a good opportunity to
catch fish on imitations of this caddisfly.

The female adults dive and paste their eggs on the bottom. They return to the
surface to fly away or die in a spent position on the surface. You will see this
occurring in the riffles and runs or the same places you see them hatch. This
activity usually occurs late in the afternoon but much earlier if the sky is overcast.
The later in the year it is, and the warmer the water is, the later in the day they tend
to deposit their eggs. There are usually enough of these little caddisfies that you
can easily spot them swirling around a few inches above the water and landing on
the surface. That is where you want to place  your fly.

I would suggest fishing our "Perfect Fly" adult imitation using an upstream or up and
across presentation. The best place is usually the riffles but they can also be found
hatching and depositing their eggs at the ends of the long runs. Don't overlook the
egg laying activity of this hatch. You can catch several trout in a short time if  
conditions are right. We haven't used this imitation in the Smokies yet but we have
in the some of the western streams imitating the same
Glossosoma species.

This is our "Perfect Fly" Short-horned Sedge Adult. Its wings are made from Raffia
or Swiss Straw. It is a hook size 20.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh