Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:

1.     Blue-winged Olives
2.     Midges

Most available - Other types of food:
3.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Fly Fishing School - Fishing Pools
The very first problem you face fishing pools during the colder months of the year
is the water is usually clearer than it is during the warmer months of the year.
This means that the trout can see you much easier than they normally can.

Another problem is that since they are sometimes holding in deeper water, they
can see your movement much easier than they can when they are holding in
shallow water or near the surface in deep water. Their window of vision is much
larger when they are positioned in deep water.

When you are moving around the pool, the trout that are holding deep can easily
detect your movement. They cannot see you in detail or clearly, but they can
detect your movement. They usually spook and scare other trout in the pool. One
wrong move around a clear pool and you can spook every trout in the pool before
you even make a cast. This simply means that your approach to a pool should be
made very carefully and planned such that you can take advantage of cover.

Every pool is going to have its individual characteristics that varies the exact way
you approach it, but here are some things that you need to do that applies to just
about any pool.  

If you are fishing the normal 7 to 9 foot leader using anything larger than a 5X
tippet, you may be off to a bad start. You should use a very long leader. - as long
as you can cast it and turn over the fly. I would say 12 foot would be about right
with either a 5X or 6X tippet. Yes, I know that's a very fragile leader/tippet.

If you are fishing in an upstream direction, naturally you should fish the shallow
water near the tail end of the pool first. Sometimes, there's a long stretch of
shallow water and sometimes there isn't much at all. You should cast from well
below the tail end of the pool, keeping as low and as hidden as possible. Don't
wade into the pool. If you do, you can most likely forget fishing it. You will spook
the trout in the lower end and they will at least alert, if not spook, the trout in the
rest of the pool.

After you make a very few cast in the lower end, move around to one of the banks
before proceeding along the pool. Most of the time, trout will be lined up in the
feeding lanes along the outside edges of the pool depending on the size of the
pool, the current, the depth of water and the structure within the pool. If there is
any depth to the water along the edge of the pool, you want to stay well back and
make a very long upstream cast starting right near the edge of the pool before
proceeding upstream. Stay well away from the pool when you move and stay
behind anything possible to get behind. If there isn't anything to hide behind, you
have a real problem.

Work the edges of the pool until your cast begin to reach near the head of the
pool. I fish the head of the pool two different ways, depending on the
circumstances. If I can stay hidden and make long cast without hanging the trees, I
will continue to fish upstream.

Make your first cast near the bank you are on to near the head of the pool and
proceed to cast towards the center of the head each sequent cast you make.
Trout will sometimes line up near the head awaiting food that is being washed into
the pool.

Doing what I described above may be next to impossible in many cases. You may
not be able to make long cast from the bank without being spotted by the trout.
Trees and bushes may prevent it. If you can't, move on. You are waisting time if
your start spooking trout.

The other way I fish the pool is in a downstream direction. If there is some current
coming into the pool and current within the pool, this usually works best. It does not
work very well under low water conditions. You need some current and normal
water conditions. It also works well in high water.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
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