Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:

1.     Blue-winged Olives
2.     Little Yellow Quills
3.     Great Autumn Brown Sedges
4.     Needle Stoneflies
5.     Midges

Most available - Other types of food:
6.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Notice I have made several changes in the above list of insects. I have deleted Little
Yellow Stoneflies and Slate Drakes because they appear to be done for the year. I
have added midges, not because they just started hatching, but because they are
becoming more important and available as a food for the trout. They actually hatch
all year long. There are many species of midges and some are multi-brooded,
meaning they hatch more than once a year.

There will still be a few hatches of Needle Stoneflies and Little Yellow Quills in the
middle elevation streams. They are getting near the end of their hatch periods.
These two insects rarely occur in the lower elevations and they are about done in
the highest elevations. If you happen to fish the small, middle elevation streams for
rainbows and brook trout, you should still have imitations of them on hand.

In the middle to high elevation small streams, start with the Little Yellow Quill nymph
and fish it until you see something hatch, which most likely would be Little Yellow
Quills. If you do, switch to the Little Yellow Quill emerger or dun. If you don't, stick
with the nymph until late in the day and then switch to the Needle Stonefly nymph.
These hatch late in the day and early evening. If you spot any adult Needle
stoneflies, switch to the adult pattern.

Most anglers will be fishing the lower elevations. Unless you just want to target brook
trout, that is where I recommend fishing. The water temperature in the higher
elevations will be on the cold side (high thirties or low forties at the most) until mid
afternoons during most days this coming week. The water temperature in the lower
elevations will be in the high thirties and low forties today and most of tomorrow. It
will be warmer on Thursday, Friday and Saturday.

Today and tomorrow, I suggest you start with a hook size 20 Blue-winged Olive
nymph or size 20 cream midge combination (tandem) larva and pupa imitation. If you
go the midge route, the larva should be the bottom fly and the pupa, the upper fly.
Stick with one of the two of these until you see something hatch, which may or may
not occur. If you do and it is BWOs, switch to the BWO emerger or dun, or if it is
midges hatching, you may want to try the Cream midge adult.

From Thursday and on through the weekend, I would use only a BWO, hook size 20
or 18 nymph. This imitates the most plentiful and available insects in the lower
elevations at this time of the year. There are a few, isolated stretches of BWO
nymphs as large as a hook size 16, but there are far more smaller ones.

By the way, Our Perfect Fly BWO nymphs look far more like the real little swimming
BWO nymphs than any generic fly, such as a Hare ear nymph, just for example. It
doesn't imitate a BWO nymph very well at all.

If is a simple fact that trout can see nymphs under the water many times better than
they can see a fly, real or fake, on the surface of the water.
For that reason, it is
far more important to closely match nymphs than duns.

To be perfectly blunt, this is something most anglers just don't get. They worry about
matching dry flies to the naturals and ignore the nymphs, thinking that isn't
important. One reason is fly shops sell trout flies from one of three major distributors
that import flies and they simply don't have nymph fly patterns that closely match
most mayfly or stonefly nymphs. I doubt most of them even have a clue what most of
the nymphs look like.

If you want to increase your odds of success, start using imitations of nymphs that
match the real things. We have
specific Perfect Fly patterns that match every
major species of mayfly and stonefly found in trout streams. The three major
importers of flies sold by fly shops have very, very few nymphs that match the
naturals. This is why Perfect Fly has more than doubled its sells for four straight
years in a row. Anglers from coast to coast are learning they can substantially
improve their success by using Perfect Flies. We are changing the fly business.

If you see any BWO hatches, which if they occurs, would be during the early
afternoon, switch to the Perfect Fly emerger or dun BWO pattern. If you fish to dark,
and they do hatch, you likely would see a BWO spinner fall. In that case, switch to a
BWO spinner. By the way, it is actually doubtful you would see them falling because
they are very difficult to see, even floating on the water very late in the day. A
skimmer net made for detecting spinners (most of them fit over your landing net) is a
huge help in detecting if spinners are on the water.

Rain is expected late Friday and Saturday. If it amounts to enough to stain the water,
I suggest you try a streamer, especially if your fishing a stream that has brown trout.  
The best fly for that would be a sculpin pattern. Both our Perfect Fly White Belly
Sculpin and Brown Sculpin imitates this little bottom fish very well. The streams of the
Smokies have a lot of sculpin. It is a good fly to use for post-spawn brown trout and
there are beginning to be more and more of them as the brown trout spawn is
probably about half way done.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Fly Fishing Strategies and
Weather/Stream Conditions Update
Friday: Whatever Hits Me
Saturday: Getting Started
Sunday: Fly Fishing School
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2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
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