Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1.     Slate Drakes
2.     Little Yellow Stoneflies
3.     Needle Stoneflies
4.     Mahogany Duns
5.     Little Yellow Quills
6.     Great Autumn Brown Sedges
7.     Blue-winged Olives

Most available - Other types of food:
8.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
9.     Grasshoppers
10.   Ants
11.   Beetles
12.   Craneflies

Fly Fishing School - Mending Fly Line
Yesterday, I was talking to a customer about strike indicators and during the
conversation, I mentioned that he could mend the line on the water without making as
much disturbance if he used a smaller size strike indicator. He replied by saying he
hasn't learned to mend his line because he is still learning to cast. I didn't go this
far with him, but I almost responded by saying that the best way to mend a fly line is
while it is still in the air on the way to the target. I knew that if he was still learning to
cast, that would be something that may just confuse him. I did mention that he should
learn to mend the fly line as soon as he could, because at times it can be just as
important as making good cast.  

The surface of a trout stream consist of many different types of currents. Water is
usually flowing at different speeds in different areas of the stream. This is especially
true of pocket water in freestone streams and of course, this is very common in the
Smokies. There’s fast water in the runs, mixed current speeds in the riffles, slower
water near the banks and behind boulders, and current seams with slow water on
one side and fast water on the other. If you cast your fly line across currents of
different speeds without a lot of slack in it and fail to do anything to the fly line after it
lands on the water, the various currents push on your line at different rates of speed.
This results in “bellies” being formed in the fly line.

For example, if you cast across fast current and the middle of the fly line gets pushed
downstream faster than the fly, the current will actually pull the fly downstream
through the water. It will look like a miniature jet ski. In other words, you won't be
getting a dead drift. It can even pull or push the fly out of the line you intend for it to
drift. When the current is pulling or pushing your fly line downstream faster than the
fly, you need to counteract that by moving the section of the fly line being pulled
or pushed upstream of the fly. This is called an
upstream mend.

If you cast across slow current and your fly and part of your line and/or leader lands
in fast current, you will need to make a
downstream mend, or right the opposite
type of mend I just mentioned. In this type of situation, the slow moving water won't
allow the fly line to drift as fast as the fly. This causes the fly to drag because the fly
line in the slow moving current is keeping the fly from drifting at the same speed of
the fast current it's located in. It will also change the line you intend the fly to drift.

Yes, in many situations, situations you should try to avoid, you may cast across
several different currents. This could require an upstream and a downstream mend
on the same drift. In the small streams of the Smokies, you should be making shorter
cast and trying to avoid this situation. Mending the fly line on the water does spook
the trout near the line being picked up off the water as well as those underneath the
area it lands when you mend it.

In summary, you need to be able to make both an upstream mend and a downstream
mend, but don't forget neither one is as good as mending the fly line in the air during
the cast. Anytime you have to pick fly line up off the water to reposition it, upstream
or downstream, your taking a chance of spooking trout, or at least, alerting them
that something is going on that's unnatural.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Fly Fishing Strategies and
Weather/Stream Conditions Update
Friday: Whatever Hits Me
Saturday: Getting Started
Sunday: Fly Fishing School
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Please allow up to 24 hours for a

2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you

3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
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