Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. Slate Drakes
2. Little Yellow Stoneflies (Summer Stones)
3. Needle Stoneflies
4. Mahogany Duns
5. Little Yellow Quills
Most available - Other types of food:
6. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
7. Inch Worms
Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
The weather conditions for today and tomorrow are very similar to the previous
couple of weeks but changes are coming starting Friday and continuing through the
weekend. The water levels are lower than they have been but still higher than normal
for this time of the year. I would suggest fishing in the upper middle to higher
elevations today and tomorrow, but options for the lower middle elevations and maybe
even the low elevations will be available for Friday and the weekend.
I'm continuing to break the strategies into two parts, depending on the elevation and
type of water you fish. This is because at the current time of the year, the most
available and plentiful food differs in the streams located in those two ranges of
In the middle elevations, and upper lower elevations after tomorrow, I suggest
you use a Mahogany Dun nymph in the mornings. Continue with it until you see
something hatch. At this time, there are probably more of them available for the trout
to eat than any other nymph or larva. That will change back to Blue-winged Olives and
Slate Drakes very soon. Remember, late summer and fall hatches take place
when the water cools down, or right the opposite of what occurs in the
Spring. For the coming week, I would go with the Mahogany Duns. They are currently
You may see some Little Yellow Stoneflies in the middle elevations. If you spot any
adults, it means they are hatching and I suggest you fish a Little Yellow Stonefly
nymph late in the afternoon an hour or two before dark. If you spot any of them laying
eggs, switch to the adult pattern.
Other than the Little Yellow Stoneflies scenario, I would stick with the Mahogany dun
nymph until they begin to hatch (if they do), and then switch to an emerger or dun
imitation. There could also be a Mahogany Dun spinner fall but if so, it will be near
dark before it takes place. If you fish late in the day, I suggest you have a few
Mahogany Dun spinners on hand.
In the higher elevation streams and small, fast water, middle elevation
streams, I suggest a different strategy. I would fish a Little Yellow Quill nymph in the
mornings and continue with it until I spotted something hatching. Most likely that would
be Little Yellow Quills but it could also be the little Needle Stoneflies. Although it is still
a little early for them, both of these insects have started to hatch in the higher
elevations. The Little Yellow Quills normally start to hatch around the middle of the
afternoon and sometimes a little later. If you spot any, switch to an emerger or dun
imitation of the Little Yellow Quill.
If neither of these insects begin to hatch, you may want to switch to a Needle Stonefly
nymph about the middle of the afternoon. If you spot any Needle Stoneflies laying
eggs, switch to an adult imitation. Remember, when they are flying, the little Needle
stoneflies look more like caddisflies than stoneflies.
You may also find some Little Yellow Quill spinners from the previous day's hatch
showing up late in the day. Sometimes, the spinners from the day before appear
during the same time of the current day's hatch. Their light colors make both the duns
and spinners easy to spot.
The brook trout and small rainbows in the small headwater streams are quite
opportunistic feeders, but if either of the above insects are hatching, I will
assure you your odds of success with double or triple if you imitate that
particular insect. Doing that, at times you can catch trout about as fast as you
can hook and release them.
Keep in mind, the strategies I'm suggested are based on increasing your odds of
success or catching the highest number of trout possible, not the largest size trout.
There are other specific methods of fishing that will produce some much larger trout.
Also, keep in mind that I'm well aware that some of you may prefer to fish dry flies
more than the above strategy suggest, but again, the strategies provided are
for catching the highest numbers of trout, and depending on individual preferences,
not necessarily having the most fun.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
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