Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1.     Slate Drakes
2.     Little Yellow Stoneflies (Summer Stones)
3.     Needle Stoneflies
4.     Mahogany Duns
5.     Little Yellow Quills

Most available - Other types of food:
6.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
7.      Inch Worms
8.     Grasshoppers
9.     Ants
10.   Beetles
11.   Craneflies

Changes In The Trout Food
I have made several changes to the above list of insects as well as the "flies you need
now". I fished a short time for a couple of times during the past week and one time for
about four hours. I have already spotted some of the insects I have added to the list - the
Little Yellow Stoneflies (Summer Stone), Little Yellow Quills and the Needle Stoneflies.
Normally, we show all three of these starting August 15th.

During the Spring, aquatic insects begin to hatch
when water temperatures rise to
certain levels. It is right the opposite during the late summer and fall season. They begin
to hatch
when the water temperatures drop to certain levels. The water temperatures
are lower than they normally are this time of the year, and I think that is why we are seeing
some of these a little sooner than we normally would. Here is a summary of the changes.

We show the Little Green Stoneflies hatch period ending August 15th on our Smoky
Mountains Hatch Chart and the Little Yellow Stoneflies starting to hatch again. The Little
Yellows are different species than the spring hatches. They are called Summer Stones in
some parts of the East and Midwest.

The Needle Stoneflies are also already showing up in the higher elevations. These are
usually very plentiful in the smaller headwater streams but exist in the middle and to some
extent, in the lower elevations.

I added the Mahogany Duns a couple of weeks ago. They are already showing up in good
numbers in the lower and middle elevations.

I have already spotted some Little Yellow Quills. They are shown on our hatch chart
starting as early as the 15th and they are already showing up this year.
This is the
single most overlooked mayfly in the park
. They are very plentiful in the middle and
higher elevations. Before I started studying the insects in the park, I had never heard
anyone mention the Little Yellow Quill, or the Needle Stoneflies for that matter. I think the
Little Yellow Quills were thought to be LIght Cahills and the Needle stoneflies were though
to be caddisflies by most anglers. As I have often mentioned, local southern anglers are
severely lacking in bug knowledge, relying mostly on trial and error methods and pure luck.

I also added craneflies but that's just an arbitrary time I selected to add them. They exist to
some extent for most of the year, but they seem to me to be more plentiful in the late
summer and early fall months.

Since I have made these changes, and since I'm getting tired and short of time, I will delay
the strategy article until Thursday and combine it with my Fishing Report. I think you will
like the report. In about four hours of fishing, I caught a huge number (well over thirty) and
some were a very nice size.

I hope to get away again today or tomorrow, but we are still snowed under with Perfect Fly
orders and I'm not sure Angie and her mother can handle it by themselves over a couple
of hours.  
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
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