Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1.     BWOs (eastern BWOs)
2.     Cream Cahills
3.     Cinnamon Caddis
4.     Little Yellow Stoneflies
5.     Golden Stoneflies
6.     Slate Drakes
7.     Little Green Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
8.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
9.      Inch Worms
10.   Grasshoppers
11.   Ants
12.   Beetles

Getting Started -  Trout Flies and the Speed of the Water

A huge factor in just how well a trout is able to see an insect or your fly is the speed of the water or current. In
fast moving water with a broken surface, the trout must make a very quick decision as to whether to take or
reject a fly. The speed of the water not only is a factor with flies drifting on the surface of the water, it's a factor
when your fishing a nymph or larva imitation below the surface. In fast moving water, the trout cannot take their
time in deciding whether or not to take the fly. They are forced to react or not react quickly.

The speed of the water is the number one reason trout can be fooled by generic, impressionistic or attractor
type flies. In fact, if the water is moving fast enough they can often be fooled by a fly that doesn't come close to
resembling anything they are use to seeing and feeding on. Fast water just doesn't give the trout much
opportunity to closely examine the fly.

In smooth, slick water, where the current is moving at a slow rate, the trout have plenty of time to observe a fly.  
For years I have taught all types of anglers that you want a fish to see any artificial bait or lure just well enough
to think it is a real creature, but not well enough to determine that it isn’t. In other words, you want them to be
able to just barely see it, or get only a quick glimpse just enough for them to think it's the real thing. The same
thing is true of flies. It doesn’t matter if it is a twelve-inch long blue marlin trolling lure, jumping in and out of a
wave in offshore blue water; a crankbait passing by a bass in dingy water, or a fly passing by a trout in clear
water. You want the fish to see the artificial imitation only well enough to fool the fish into thinking it is the real

The more the lure or fly looks and acts like the real thing, the longer you can allow the fish to examine it. In
other words, the more its appearance and behavior resembles whatever it is you are trying to imitate, the
slower the fly or lure can pass by the fish. Notice I said “acts” or "behaves"  like. In many cases that may be
even more important than its appearance.  For example, a solid brass nymph cast to perfection that looks
exactly like the real thing won’t fool a trout very well. If its abdomen, gills, legs and other body parts doesn't
move and act like a real live nymph, the trout may reject it.

In general, when you are fishing for trout, the faster the water is moving, the easier it is for you to fool them. I
wrote "in general" because fast water often makes the presentation of the fly more difficult. It may be more
difficult to get a drag free drift.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
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Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
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Friday: Getting Started
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Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
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