Copyright 2013 James Marsh
Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. BWOs (Little BWOs)
2. Giant Black Stoneflies
3. Light Cahills
4. Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams)
5. Eastern Pale Evening Duns
6. Little Short-horned Sedges
7. American March Browns
9. Green Sedges
10. Little Yellow Stoneflies
11. Golden Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
12. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
13. Inch Worms
Getting Started - The Essential Reach Cast
"Tight loops" are words that have been used far too often, especially if you want to apply them to fishing the
streams of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. "Loose loops" would much better describe the cast
you need to make in the park. For example, the loop made during a roll cast is not exactly tight. If you want
some words that best describe the type of cast you need to make most of the time, "crooked" or "loose
loops" may be the best ones.
Try placing a small target, something the size of a tennis ball in your swimming pool, pond or yard. Make
sure you have the leader and tippet on the line. Back off twenty-five feet. Now, remember that if you are
using a 9 foot long rod and a 9 foot long leader, 18 feet are taken when you finish the cast leaving only 7
feet of actual fly line. Now, with a minimum number of false cast, of which none goes over the target, see how
close the end of your tippet comes to the target on your "first" cast.
Remember, the second, third, etc cast that land in the same spot has fewer and fewer chances of catching a
trout. If your "first cast" that misses the target by over 6 inches, you need to work on your casting.
When you are able to cast within 6 inches of the target every cast without making any false cast over it, and
only a minimum of false cast otherwise, you are ready for step two.
The step two cast should land your fly line and the bulk of your leader, two or three feet to the right (or left)
of the target and place the end of the tippet (or fake fly if your use one) within 6 inches of the target. You do
this by making a reach cast.
In case you don't know, a reach cast is simply a cast where you reach to the right of left of your intended
target after the fly line is in progress unrolling on the forward cast. You do this immediately after you stop the
acceleration of the forward cast while the fly line is still in the air before it hits the water or grass.
When you are making an upstream cast, the idea is to allow the line and bulk of your leader to land as far
possible to the right or left of the target such that the fly will drift over the fish without it seeing the line or
leader. The fly should drift downstream at least for the first few feet at least a couple of feet left or right and
parallel to your fly line.
After you begin to learn to fly fish, you probably started trying to reach right or left during the cast without
realizing what you were doing. This reaction comes natural if you want your fly to drift over an area left or
right of the fly line. I was able to make a decent reach cast long before I knew what the name of the cast was.
There's another similar cast called the curve cast that I will write about later. For now, you should learn to be
able to make a 25 to 35 foot reach cast (without any false cast over the target) that lands the fly within 6
inches of the intended target on the first cast that hits the water. No, I can't do it all the time, but I can do it
often enough to catch a lot of trout.
Also, remember that you need to be able to do this under trees with limbs hanging over the water. In other
words, making side arm cast, left and right of your body as well as overhand cast.
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1. Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.
Shipping is free in the U. S. for all
orders of any size. Orders over $50
are shipped free via Priority Mail.