Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Midges
3.    Little Winter Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
4.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
As mentioned in yesterday's article on the weather and stream conditions, we're in for some big changes. I
hope the stream level changes aren't so big. That will be a wait and see situation, but I can assure you the
weather changes will be huge. Today and tomorrow, the highs will be around 66 degrees and the nightly low
55 for tonight. The water temperature in the lower elevations will shoot up near fifty by this afternoon and
stay that way ore even warmer through tomorrow. Tomorrow night, the air will be back below freezing.

Notice I haven't listed Blue-winged Olives. That's because all the
Baetis species have hatched. Different
species of that genera will resume hatching around the first or second week of February provided the
average weather conditions remain normal. We still show Little Blue-winged Olives,
Acentrella, Diphetor, and
other species called Little BWOs hatching, but with a low rating. There are very few of them remaining to
hatch. Most are very tiny size 22 to 26 insects. New species of the Little BWOs will begin to hatch in mid
February along with one species of the
Baetis genera.

Right now, of the above listed insects, the Winter Stoneflies and Midges represent the majority of what is
about to hatch or actually hatching. If the water gets a little off color from the rain today and tomorrow, or gets
high and dingy, streamers imitating sculpin, minnows and batifish may be your best option.

The strategy for fishing today and tomorrow I'm recommending is to start out with a Winter Stonefly nymph in
the mornings and stick with it with these exceptions. In low light situations, meaning early and late in the day,
or during heavily overcast or cloudy conditions that are likely, use a streamer. I would prefer either the
Perfect Fly Brown Sculpin or White Belly Sculpin, depending on water color. If the water gets fairly dingy or
stained, switch to the Yellow Marabou Sculpin. The only other changes I would suggest making today or
tomorrow, is if you see any Winter Stoneflies laying eggs, switch to an adult imitation of them.

Wednesday, the water will be back cold and you will have to make some other changes. The changes are
more in presentation than fly changes. Use the same flies but keep the Winter Stonefly nymph on the bottom
in holes out of the current and deeper pockets behind boulders and/or along the banks. Slow down the

If the weather forecast is right, and it should at least be close to right, it will remain cold the rest of this week
and throughout the weekend. The water temperature will be back in the forties, and probably the low forties
or lower. If you fish, and you should if you can, you should forget the streamers (even in dingy water and low
light conditions) and use either the Winter Stonefly nymph or the Cream Midge larvae and/or pupae
imitations. If you present these flies, in holes on the bottom that are out of the current, and other deeper
areas of water with very slow current, you will still catch trout.

Fishing small flies you can't see, to fish in deeper water you can't see, slows things down. It takes
far more time to cover the right areas of water than it does faster moving water near the surface;
once you get the fly in the right spots, drifting very slowly at the same speed of the water where
the trout are holding, they will eat it.
We have caught as many as 20 to 30 trout on many occasions in
the streams of the Smokies when the water was in the low forties. Get the small flies in the right areas of the
water, drifting at the right speed, and you may even catch one every few cast. It isn't easy, takes lots of
concentration, and the action is usually very slow until you find the spots where the trout are holding.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream Conditions
Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies - Which
Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout Food
New video trailer for "Stoneflies - Imitating the Hatches" Some of the scenes were shot in the Smokies