One of the rewards for fishing the
Great Smoky Mountains National
Fly Fishing Gear (Fly Rods, Reels, Line, Leaders, Waders, Etc.)
|Fly Fishing the Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Clothing that camouflage your
presence helps. Trout can spot
movement of objects above the
water. The angler would have
been better off it this light blue
shirt was green. Dress like a
deer or turkey hunter and you will
probably catch more trout.
Felt Sole Wading Boots are a
must to keep from slipping and
falling and to protect your feet
from the rough bottom. Gravel
guards keep the rocks out of your
boots. Small gravel getting in
your boots can cause leaks in
You will find that the Great Smoky Mountains National Park may require some fly-fishing gear
that is different from that you prefer to use at other fly-fishing destinations. Here are some Fly
It is rare that you would need a sinking fly line in the park's streams. Most all of the fly-fishing
you would be doing can be done using a floating fly line.
Line sizes would vary depending on the fly you choose to use. Small dry flies fished in the very
small streams may suggest you use as small as a one weight line. Most anglers would use a
3 or 4 weight however. A 4 weight fly line would probably be the best all around size for the park
if you were limited to one line size. 5 and 6 weight lines would be preferred for nymphing
because you need some added strength to cast the weight you may be attaching to the
nymphs. 6 and 7 line sizes would generally be preferred for streamer fishing.
Either a double taper or a weight forward fly line would be preferred. Shooting heads lines
would be of little or no use in these small streams.
Backing is usually needed to fill your fly reel spool but would not be needed to fight fish in most
situations. Notice we said most situations. There are brown trout in the park that can easily
take you line down into the backing, so it is recommended.
You should select the weight of the fly rod based on the size of the line you need to cast the
flies you will be casting. Choose the fly rod size to match the line size.
You do not need a fast action rod for the smokies. Slow to medium action rods make the type
of cast you need to make much better than a fast or tip action rod. They also protect light
tippets better than fast action rods.
Some anglers like to use very short rods for the very small brook trout streams. Some prefer a
normal rod length because they help make the short roll cast better than a short rod. We
recommend a 8 to 8 and one-half foot rod length for most dry fly situations. A 9 foot rod may
come in handy for high-stick nymph fishing.
Most anglers will tell you that the fly reel is not an important item, that it only serves to store
your line. It is true that you will probably hand- line most of the small fish you catch but again,
some streams do contain some large brown trout. Hang one of them and you will certainly
wish that you had something more than a rough clicker drag. For that reason we suggest
using a reel with a good, smooth disc drag system. The other important consideration is the
weight of the reel. The lighter it is the better you will like it. It should, of course, match the size of
the line you are using.
Leaders are usually shorter than those used in many fly-fishing situations . Short leaders from
7 to 8 feet work well in most cases. Remember that if you are making very short cast, and you
often do in the smokies, you would be mostly casting a leader, especially if the leader was a
long one. Leaders don't cast near as well as fly lines so you should keep the leader as short
as possible in cases where you are making short cast. In the faster pocket water the short
leaders don't tend to be as much of a problem as they do in smooth water.
There are situations where you may need a long leader. Ten and twelve foot leaders may be
needed when the water is extremely low and clear and the trout are easily spooked, for
Most of the time a 5X leader would be the preferred choice. However, again if the water is low
and clear or if you are fishing very small flies such as midges you may need to use a 6X or 7X
leader. In cases where you are fishing streamers or heavy nymphs you may need a 2X or 3 X
leader, so be prepared by having a good selection of them.
Factory tapered leaders work just fine but if you want to tie your own, please do.
Everything we just said about leader sizes applies to the tippet except you would need to keep
them a size smaller than the tag end of the leader in most cases. If anything, they should
probably average shorter than those you would use at most other locations.
Fluorocarbon tippets and leaders for that matter, work fine of course, and may offer some
advantage over nylon in very clear water. That should be a matter of personal choice.
There are some situations where you may need to wade but our rule of thumb is not to wade
unless you have to in order to properly present your fly. If you do use waders, we recommend
waders that breathe. Those made of Gore-Tex material are preferred.
We recommend felt bottom shoes as opposed to cleats. There is little algae in the streams
that would cause you to slip and the cleats just don't work well on the large boulders that are
Don't be caught wading without a wading belt on. Keep it snug and as tight as you can
comfortable wear it. Usually it will not be needed but it is a very good idea to form a habit of
always wearing it. If you ever fall in while wading, it will help keep the water from filling your
waders and drowning you. It is almost impossible to get up off the bottom with your waders full
of water, especially if your are washing downstream in a strong current.
Gravel guards of some type are recommended to keep the small stones and other debris out
of your boots. They can cause leaks.
Polarized sunglasses are a must. They will help you in many ways. Not only will they allow you
to see the bottom more clearly, they may help you spot trout. We recommend plastic lens over
glass for safety reasons. Large flies that accidentally hit the lens can break the glass (and
maybe even the plastic) and cut your eye.
The best shade of color depends on the light conditions. Darker colors work better on bright
sunshine days and lighter colors of lenses work better on cloudy, overcast days. We think the
best all around color is amber.
A fly vest or chest pack is nice but not absolutely necessary. It will help store such things as
your fly boxes, pliers, and other accessories.
You will need at least one, of course, but separating your nymphs from your dry flies and
terrestrials is always a good idea.
Some type of floatant to help your dry flies to float is necessary for most types of flies. There are
powered and liquid types available. The rough pocket water can drown your flies fairly easy.
The shade of color of your clothing and hat or cap is very important. In the small streams you
will usually be making short cast. That means you will need to get close to the trout without
spooking them. Bright colors tend to spook them more than subdued or dull colored clothing.
You should try to match the colors of the surroundings as much as possible. In other words
you should camouflage yourself as much as you can. Dull greens and light browns are usually
good colors to wear.
Tippet Dispenser (Extra Tippet Material):
Extra tippet material is necessary. Each time you tie on a fly you will shorten the tippet. If you
hang up, and you may well do that, you may damage or shorten the tippet.
Carry extra tippet in the size you need. We suggest 2X through 7X.
A tippet dispenser will help you keep track of the tippet material and provides easy access.
This is not a requirement, however.
You will need some way of clipping you leader and tippet. A knife or bitting the tippet will work
of course, but it will blunt the ends of the tippet and make it difficult to get through the eyes of
some hooks. Clippers will chop it off without a blunt end.
We land most of our fish by hand. This is much more difficult than using a landing net.
However, the landing net is not a easy thing to carry along. If not stored behind your back it gets
in the way sometimes and tends to hang on everything. If you catch a large brown trout, for
example, you will probably wish you had one though. If you do choose to use one, you will
need a small to medium size net. The huge ones are not necessary. There are landing net
clips you can purchase to hook them to your fly vest or pants.
If you fish midges, and we hope you do, you will need a midge threader even if you have good
eye sight. If you don't see well, you will have to have one or someone along with you to tie them
on for you.
Fly Floatants come in several varieties and types. There are liquid and dry powder types. They
help your dry flies float better.
Some types cause the fly to create air bubbles. Some anglers contend that this makes the fly
look more natural to the trout because some insects use air to propel themselves to the
surface when they hatch.
We do suggest you carry some of the liquid paste type to help your dry flies float better in the
rough pocket water typical of the Smokies.
Copyright 2011 James Marsh
Knots and Rigging Techniques
is a DVD program that covers all
the knots you will need to tie for
any fly fishing situation.
Click here for more information
Matching Rod, Reel and Line
Buy Good Waders. There could
be nothing worse than a leaky
pair of waders. The best they
make aren't all that great.
Have a Good Fly Selection.
Extra Tippet and a Tippet