08/23/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (See Below)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies - Summer Stones
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Ants
6.    Inchworms
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Hellgrammite
10.  Cranefly
11.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12.  Cream Cahills


Needle Stoneflies:
The Needlefly is one of, if not the most overlooked aquatic insect in the
Smokies
. The first few times I spotted these little stoneflies, I thought they were
caddisflies. They look very similar to large caddisflies when in flight. At rest, they
don't resemble a caddisfly at all. They hatch in large quantities over a long period of
time in Great Smoky Mountains National Park and are a very important part of the
trout's diet. They don't cover as large an area or hatch over as long a period of time
as the many species of Little Yellow Stoneflies and members of other stonefly
families commonly called Yellow Sallies, but its only because of the catch all
common name "Yellow Sally".

These little stoneflies represent one of the nine main families of stoneflies, the
Leuctridae family. In their adult stage of life, they are the easiest to identify stonefly
that exist. They are quite different from the other smaller stoneflies. In their nymphal
stage they look similar to the Little Browns and Little Yellows except for the color.
The nymphs and adults are small, or about a hook size 18. The adults are the same
hook size wise but they look larger than they really are because their wings extend
well beyond their bodies. The wings roll around their bodies. This gives them the
"needle-like" appearance their common name implies.

Another good part about the Leuctridae stonefly species is the fact they hatch
during the late Summer and Fall when there are few other hatches taking place. We
will get into it tomorrow, but you fish this hatch about the same way you fish the
Little Yellow Stonefly hatches.




























New "Perfect Fly" Stream - Penobscot River, Maine
We just added some more trout streams in the state of Maine to the Stream Section
of our "Perfect Fly" Website. The Penobscot River, located in the Northern part of
Maine, is considered the best landlocked salmon fishery in the United States. It is
also an excellent trout stream. It's located in one of the most beautiful sections of
Maine.

Although both the East and West Branches provide good fishing opportunities, the
West Branch is the best of the two sections. Like most all of the streams in Maine,
this one has its series of dams. The difference is at least some of them release cold
water that sustains the native brook trout and wild salmon.

This is a large river that has a tremendous variation in types of water. You could
fish it for months and not cover the same stretch of water. Check out Maine's
Penobscot River.