08/15/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (See Below)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies - Summer Stones
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Ants
6.    Inchworms
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Hellgrammite
10.  Cranefly
11.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12.  Cream Cahills

Basics Series - Top Tips On The Species Of Trout In The Smokies

First Decide What Species Of Fish You Want To Catch:
I recently wrote several articles concerning each of the species of trout in the Smokies to try to
point out that fishing for each one requires different strategies, techniques and methods. Since
this is a basic series, here my only point is that you should select one of the three species  -
brook, brown or rainbow and focus on catching it. Oh sure, you may catch more than one species
or even in a very few places have a chance to catch all three. That's beside the point though
because the more you focus on catching a particular species, the better your odds will be.

Today's Tips Are On The Rainbow Trout:

1. Rainbow Trout Are In Most All Of The Streams:
Except for a very few of the small brook trout streams in the high elevations that
have a natural barrier (waterfall) that has prevented them from being able to get
upstream, rainbow trout exist in all the streams in the Smokies. In many cases they
are the only species of trout in the stream. They are the most abundant trout
species in the Smokies.

2. Think Rainbow Trout and Fast Water:
If the water is very cold you may find rainbow trout in water that is still or barely
moving in the Smokies, but otherwise look for them in the faster moving water or the
runs and riffles. They are far more inclined to be in or immediately adjacent to the
fast water than either the brown or brook trout.

3. Rainbow Trout Are Relatively Small In The Smokies:
Rainbow trout probably only average six or seven inches in the Smokies. If you
catch a wild rainbow trout over ten inches long, you have caught a nice one. If it is
over twelve inches long, you have caught a big one.

4. Where Are The Largest Rainbow Trout In The Smokies?
Excepting those stocked trout that may migrate upstream from a stream that has
been stocked outside of the park, and excepting those lake fish that may move into
the streams to spawn, the largest rainbow trout are located in Abrams Creek.

5. Rainbows Are Creatures of Open Fast Water:
Rainbow trout  don't relate to the bottom of the streams like the brown trout. They
don't hide in the slow to moderate water like the brook trout. They are creatures of
open, fast water. They tend to feed on the surface more than the brown trout.

6. Rainbows Are Mostly Drift Feeders:
Rainbow trout tend to hold in stationary positions. This is usually in relation to a
rock or boulder that breaks the current. Pocket water, which represents most of the
water in the Smokies, provides the perfect habitat for the rainbows. Although they
may appear to be holding in fast water, they are usually just below or to the side of
the fast water actually out of the fast current. They concentrate on the seams of the
current where the drifting food congregates.

7. Rainbows Like To Hide Under Water With A Choppy, Broken Surface:
I feel like (that's because no one actually knows) rainbow trout feel secure under
water with a broken surface. Unlike the brown trout, they don't hide under objects
like logs, boulders and undercut banks and attack their prey. They may very well
hide from their own overhead predators under water with a broken surface, foam,
and the white water of a plunge.

8. Rainbows Don't Run For Cover When Hooked:
Unlike the brown trout, rainbows don't tend to run for heavy cover when they are
hooked. They tend to stay out in the fast water.

Copyright 2010 James Marsh