06/08/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Short Horned Sedges
3.    American March Browns
4.    Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
8.    Sulphurs
9.    Little Yellow Stoneflies -Yellow Sallies
10.  Slate Drakes
11.  Giant Stoneflies
12.  Light Cahills
13.  Little Green Stoneflies
14.  Golden Stoneflies
15.  Ants
16.  Inchworms
17.  Beetles
18.  Grasshoppers
19.  Hellgrammite
20.  Cranefly
21.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)

Fishing Conditions in the Smokies:
Fishing conditions in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park continue to be
excellent. I was able to get a few cast in yesterday with excellent results. I'm not
basing the fishing on those results, rather the water levels, hatchis taking place and
water temperature.

There may be several different hatches occurring in various sections of the streams
but those that are hatching are not hatching in large quantities. They are usually
sparse hatches. If you don't encounter a hatch taking place, you should be fishing
an imitation of a nymph of an insect that should be hatching at the time. That will
increase your odds, especially over the strategy of fishing a dry fly searching for
opportunistic feeders.

Golden Stonefly -Nymph
Golden Stonefly nymphs are predators. That means they crawl on the bottom of the
stream searching for food which consist mainly of other small insects. Like most all
stonefly nymphs, they crawl out of the water to hatch. Usually they crawl out on the
banks but it can be a large rock protruding out of the water, or even a limb or log.

The nymphs move from the fast water riffles and runs to slower, shallower water in
pockets along the banks to crawl out. This means the trout have a perfect
opportunity to eat them when they are migrating to the banks. They tend to feed on
them along the banks when the hatch starts, probably because that is the easiest
place to intercept them. This means you need to fish close in along the banks and
be careful not to spook trout feeding on the nymphs in the shallow water.

The migration to the bank starts occurring very late in the day. I wouldn't start
fishing the nymph imitation any earlier than mid-afternoon. You want to imitate the
migrating behavior with you fly or imitation of the full grown Golden Stonefly nymph.

Cast the fly out into the runs and riffles and bring it back all the way to the bank.  
You should stay away from the banks to cast when it is possible to do so to
prevent spooking shallow feeding trout along the banks. If the trees prevent this,
and you are wading, I suggest you use a down and across cast allowing the fly to
swing from the runs and riffles all the way to the bank. You accomplish this by
making a reach cast, reaching out towards the center of the stream, and then slowly
swinging the fly across to the opposite side all the way to the bank.

You will need to add a lot of weight to the fly to keep in on the bottom. If your fly
stays in the very fast water and there is no moderate to slow moving water near the
banks, you are fishing in the wrong type of place. You want to select areas where
there is at least a small area of moderate to slow moving water along the bank and
fast moving runs and riffles out in the stream. The fly should stay on the bottom, not
mid-depth or near the surface.
Our "Perfect Fly" Golden Stonefly Nymph. This fly comes in hook sizes 10 and 12.