Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives
2. Little Short Horned Sedges
3. American March Browns
4. Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5. Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6. Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7. Eastern Pale Evening Duns
9. Little Yellow Stoneflies -Yellow Sallies
10. Slate Drakes
11. Giant Stoneflies
12. Light Cahills
13. Little Green Stoneflies
14. Golden Stoneflies
21. Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
Little Green Stoneflies:
The Little Green Stoneflies, or Chloroerlidae Family of stoneflies, is one of nine
families of stoneflies that are found in trout streams. They are plentiful in the
streams of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. These stoneflies are very similar
to the Little Yellow Stoneflies. In fact, some of the Little Green species are yellow,
not green. Of course there are also those that are a mixture of yellow and green or
For the most part, the Little Green stoneflies hatch during the warm late Spring and
Summer months. Although there are a lot of similarities, there are also some
important differences in them and the Little Yellow Stoneflies. The biggest difference
is the fact the Little Greens hatch from and deposit their eggs in much calmer water.
You will usually find them crawling out of the water from the shallow ends of pools
and other areas of shallow, slower water.
The Haploperla brevis, a LIttle Green Stonefly, is often called a Little Yellow
Stonefly, Yellow Sally, and sometimes, the “Wee Yellow” Stonefly”. I mention it
separately because it is often confused with the Little Yellow Stoneflies. It is a small
yellow-green winged fly with a green body. The nymph is a clinger that lives just
under one year.
New Saltwater Flats Fly:
One of our new saltwater flats flies is the "Perfect Fly" Bottom Prawn. I had a guy
call last week and ask what a prawn was. Just in case you don't know, it is nothing
more or less than a shrimp. Shrimp are called Prawns in some areas of the World
and some people call certain species of shrimp in the United States prawns.
This fly is designed for fishing slightly deeper water than most of our other
shrimp/prawn flies. Weight can be added to the tippet a few inches above the fly if
necessary. Its eyes are fairly heavy and keep the fly on the bottom in an upright
position even with the added weight. Even though it is made for deeper water (2 to 8
feet), it also works in shallow water without any added weight. The marabou really
adds to the action of the fly. It moves just sitting still on the bottom. The hair and
feathers also assist in adding action as well as a some realism. You can't really see
it in the image shown below, but the feathers are split on each side of the hook.
By the way, the red marabou isn't really viewed as red by the fish if it is very deep.
At about four feet deep, it is almost solid brown. This is any fly with a red color to it,
not just this fly. There's just something about the color red that attracts fish. It is
successfully used in many fresh and saltwater fishing lures.
This fly, or one fairly close to it, was originally developed by one of the flats guides
in the Florida Keys but that's about all I have been able to determine. We made a
couple of changes and added the hair. It has proven effective at catching several
species of fish including bonefish, permit, yellowtail and mutton snapper, flounder,
snook, redfish, speckled trout and sea trout. The fly, or similar fly, was requested by
some of our customers that fish the Florida Keys.
The Little Green Stonefly on your left came
from the Little Pigeon River. There are
marks on its head that indicate which family
of stoneflies it is in. Most all of them can be
easily identified. That's to bad because in
the case of stoneflies, it makes very little
difference. They all hatch and deposit their
eggs in the same manner.
The Little Green Stonefly on your right came
from the Oconaluftee River. As you can see,
it is completely green.