05/30/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Short Horned Sedges
3.    American March Browns
4.    Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
8.    Sulphurs
9.    Little Yellow Stoneflies -Yellow Sallies
10.  Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
11.  Giant Stoneflies
12.  Light Cahills
13.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
14.  Midges


Current Fishing Recommendations for the Smokies
In conjunction with the article I wrote a couple of days ago about the changes in the
way the trout are feeding, or those times when anglers claim the fish are not bitting
like they were a few days ago, a couple of guys sent email asking for specifics about
what to fish. I wish there was a simple one line answer to that question but there
isn't. At the present time you can still catch trout feeding in the fast currents at times
but more often you can't. To get into how to fish would involve going through each
of the many species that are either hatching or getting ready to hatch and the
techniques you should use for each one. I will give a quick rundown on the current
situation.

The main mayflies that hatch in the seams adjacent to the fast water at the present
time would be the Light Cahills and March Browns. The March Browns are not
consistent at all at the time of the year. If either of these mayflies are hatching you
will do well in the fast water fishing the way most anglers fish, using short up and up
and across presentations.

The Sulphurs and Pale Evening Duns are also hatching but you won't find any trout
feeding on them in the fast water. You will have to fish the slow to moderate areas of
the streams which don't exist in plentiful quantities. The Green Sedges are also
consistently hatching but only in moderate flows, not the fast water. You will find
some Cinnamon Sedges also that are hatching in moderate flows but never in large
quantities. If you find either of these caddisflies hatching, you should fish imitations
of their pupae down and across with the fly surfacing in the slow water at the ends
of the runs and riffles.

The Yellow Sally nymphs crawl out of the water to hatch right before and after dark
each day. You need to fish a nymph close to the banks for your best odds of
success starting late in the afternoon. If you find the adults laying eggs, you should
be able to get into some action using a dry fly imitation but this only happens very
late in the day just before dark. The Giant Blacks are hatching but they hatch and
deposit their eggs during the night.

The bottom line to this is at the current time most of the hatches are occurring, or
their nymphs or larvae holding, in the slow to moderate areas of the streams. If
there are not any hatches occurring or about to occur, the rainbows will be holding
in deeper, slow moving water, and the browns well hidden under cover. That's
where you need to be placing a nymph.
,
If you don't find the Light Cahill hatching, or with less odds the March Browns
hatching, you will have a difficult time catching very many trout in the fast water with
nymphs or drys the normal way most anglers fish. That's why some anglers are
complaining that "the fishing has slowed down" when in reality, its the methods they
are using, not the trout.

New "Perfect Fly" Olive Baitfish Saltwater Fly
Another new fly pattern we developed is what I call the Olive Baitfish.  Although this
fly imitates a bunker or menhaden quite well, it also imitates many other species of
baitfish found in saltwater bays, inlets, sounds and estuaries.

This fly was actually intended to imitate the Alewife. These baitfish are anadromous
meaning they spend most of their life at sea but they run up into rivers and inlets
and even enter lakes when they spawn. A large variety of fish feed on them
including smallmouth bass in some cases. The dark backs are a blueish olive color
at sea but pick up a green or olive tint when they enter freshwater areas with
vegetation.

This fly also works in brackish waters where snook, redfish and speckled trout are
commonly found at certain times of the year. There are around 2400 species of
baitfish and many of them have an olive back. Often you will find olive back baitfish
where you have lots of vegetation in the water. The fish naturally blend in with the
grass and weeds. Olive is a favorite color for streamers that is used in this type of  
fresh, brackish and saltwater.

We have some guys in Maine that use this fly and it has also proven effective on
snook in the Atlantic inlets of South Florida. We tie all of them using a stainless steel
hook so anglers can fish any type of water they choose to fish..
Check them out.
"Perfect Fly" Olive Baitfish