05/24/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Short Horned Sedges
3.    American March Browns
4.    Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
8.    Sulphurs
9.    Little Yellow Stoneflies -Yellow Sallies
10.  Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
11.  Giant Stoneflies
12.  Light Cahills
13.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
14.  Midges

New Fly Shop Open in Cherokee, North Carolina
For the past couple of years, all you could read and hear about was the closing of
another fly shop. The reason for the number of recent nationwide closings has been
blamed on several things including the recession; the number of new larger box
type, sporting good stores; the decline in the number of anglers (fishing license
sales have decreased); and many other things.

Not everyone in the fly fishing business is in a negative mode.
Rivers Edge
Outfitters
, who has been based in Spruce Pine, North Carolina for some time
opened a new fly shop in Cherokee a couple of months ago. The new store is a
very welcome sight as far as I am concerned.

I had the opportunity to spend some time with Steve Mingle and Cade Bueuanan at
their booth located directly across the isle from us at last weeks Troutfest event.
The owners of River Edge Outfitters are not only experienced in the fly shop
business, they have some excellent guides who take clients on the many streams of
Great Smoky Mountains, Cherokee Tribal Waters and the local tailwaters of the
Nantahala River, the Tuckaseegee River, and the Little Tennessee River. The
special regulation Cherokee Tribal Waters have become very popular recently due
to the huge size of the trout.

Their other store is located on the North Toe River in Spruce Pine North Carolina
situated  between Ashville and Boone smack in the middle of more of the finest trout
and smallmouth bass waters in the South. The nearby waters for the Spruce Pine
Shop include the French Broad, the South Holston, the Watauga, the Nolichucky,
and the South Toe River. In addition they have some excellent private waters where
customers can catch trophy size trout.

Sulphur - Emergers
These nymphs usually emerge just under or in the surface skim. The water is
usually fairly smooth in the locations the hatch occurs. This means you have to
make a fairly good presentation to prevent spooking the trout feeding on the
emerging duns. In the Smokies the problem is the smooth, slow water areas are only
a few inches or feet from the fast water. When you must cast across the fast water
to the slow water areas, the current instantly yanks you fly line and the fly goes
across the surface like a rocket. It is not easy to keep the fly drifting at the speed of
the water (drag free drift) under these conditions.

The smooth, slow water areas that the sulphurs hatch in, may  require you to
fish for individual fish that are rising. This is often the case on the South Holston
where there mayflies are very plentiful. This is best done using a down and across
presentation. Many anglers call this "technical" fishing. It requires the same type
of presentations sometimes necessary for fly fishing spring creeks or smooth flowing
tailwaters. In fact, many of the sulphur hatches take place in spring creeks and
tailwaters.

You may not be able to get very close to trout feeding on emerging sulphurs. This
means a longer cast is necessary. In the slower moving, smooth water this requires
a well presented fly. You may want to use a longer and lighter than normal leader.
Leaders that are ten to twelve feet and from a 5X to 7X size are preferred in many
cases.
"Perfect Fly" Sulphur Emerger with Trailing Shuck