05/14/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Short Horned Sedges
3.    American March Browns
4.    Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7.    Pale Evening Duns
8.    Little Yellow Stoneflies -Yellow Sallies
9.    Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
10.  Giant Stoneflies
11.  Light Cahills
12.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
13.  Midges

LIght Cahills - Duns
Light Cahill duns are beautiful mayflies and easy to spot on the water. They are
sometimes confused with Little Yellow Quills and Cream Cahills but on close
observation, they are easy to distinguish.

As I have said in previous articles,  these duns hatch in the slow to moderate water
immediately adjacent to the fast water runs and riffles. They get caught up in the
current seams quickly. The early season hatches tend to stay on the surface of the
water longer than the late season hatches, but that is a relatively short time anytime
they hatch. I would guess only an average of about 30 to 45 seconds and they are
airborne. Theses mayflies hatch when the trout's metabolism is near its peak and
the trout don't waste any time eating them. The trout usually take the Light Cahill
dun imitations readily.

Presentation:
You should present your dun imitation in the current seams that concentrate the
surface flow near the ends of the fast water current seams. Short upstream or
slightly up and across cast work well for this. Keep your rod high and most of you fly
line off the water to prevent drag. The idea is to make short cast and cover a lot of
water fast as you move upstream. Hit the most likely seams and keep moving. You
will rarely find a heavy concentration of these mayflies.




















































As you can see, our Perfect Fly imitation of the Light Cahill dun is very realistic.
These mayflies range in size from a hook size 14 to 16. Most of them are 16's.

Gulf Story Five:
In February or March of each year, the Spanish Mackerel migrate around the
western Gulf Coast from South Florida northward as the water warms. They go into
the Big Bend area around to the northern Panhandle and arrive around the Destin
Florida area in April. They will stay until early Fall.

Those small mackerel were already there when the oil rig sank into the Gulf and
started leaking a few thousand gallons of oil in the water each day. They spread all
the way around the surf and go up into the bays at times. I'm sure they are off the
Gulf side of the Chandelier Islands and down the coast of Louisiana currently and
probably at the time the oil began to spread towards the coast. I don't have a clue
what they did or will do when they get into the oil. I'm sure some already have and
there will be more to get in it as it spreads westward along the coast. It is already
present at Dolphin Island or the mouth of Mobile Bay. My guess is it is already
spreading past the coast of Ft. Morgan. There are always plenty of Spanish
Mackerel along the coast from now until early Fall. These fish stay in water than
ranges from ten to fifty feet deep basically but will occasionally go deeper.

In April, the King Mackerel will start their migration up the western Gulf Coast and
are usually thick off St. Petersburg/Tampa mid April. They too will follow along the
coastline up and around the Big Bend area into the Panhandle. These fish stay
near the surface in water anywhere from twenty to a hundred and fifty feet as a
general rule. There are exceptions to this but that would cover most of them. By mid
June they have reached the Panama City area and westward to Pensacola Florida.
In July, the school king are usually thick just off the beach.

The big kings, from twenty to fifty pounds will stay deeper and hang around and
feed in the upper water column on the structure along the way. This includes man
made wrecks and natural reefs. It also includes the oil rigs. They are excellent king
mackerel attractors. In July they are present in large numbers on all the rigs that are
in the right depth of water, or from about 50 to 200 feet along the coast but this can
also be twenty miles or more offshore. They are on the oil rigs off Mobile Bay and
around to South Pass Louisiana by mid July in that depth of water and sometimes
rigs that are even deeper. They don't hang around those off the continental shelf.

In other words, in a month they will be in the Panama City area and the way it looks,
so will the oil. In fact, it will probably be east of there. What will the school kings do
when they meet the oil coming in the opposite direction? The answer is no one
knows.

What will be big kings do when they try to reach an oil rig beyond Mobile Bay (and
that is where all the rigs are)? They already have oil around them. Again, no one
knows.

I do feel quite certain about one thing. Either the baitfish they feed on, or the King
Mackerel themselves will die if they do get into the oil, even though it is on the
surface and they can go under it. If they go under it, where will they go? The answer
to that is "just farther under it". Lets just hope they get the heck out of the area.

By the way, just as I predicted several days ago, there isn't even any intentions of
making BP pay for the spill as our President promised. Again, the law limits it to 75
million, which is a drop in the bucket compared to the damage. Yesterday, it was
announced that a
tax hike on oil products including gas is going to come about.
I was insulted again by the White House when they said an oil tax placed on the oil
companies to help pay the cost of the spill. We all know who will pay that tax and it
won't be the oil companies. The X president of Shell oil went on record last night
saying the public will pay that tax. It will just increase the price you pay at the pump.
In other words, as I have known all along, the tax paying citizens of the United States
will pay for the clean up, in spite of all the (I'll be nice) little white lies.