05/01/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Short Horned Sedges
3.    American March Browns
4.    Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7.    Pale Evening Duns
8.    Little Yellow Stoneflies -Yellow Sallies
9.    Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
10.  Giant Stoneflies
11.  Light Cahills
12.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
13.  Midges


Green Sedges (Caddisflies):
Most of you probably don't have any idea of exactly which caddisfly is called a
Green Sedge. One reason is that it is far better known for its larva stage of life than
its adult stage of life. The Green Rock Worm is the name of the fly that imitates the
Green Sedge larvae. The streams of the Smokies have lots of these caddsflies.
Another problem is that anglers and the typical fly shop attempts to identify
caddisflies by their color. That's simply because they are not familiar with the
different families, genera and species of caddisflies. The reason for this is that far
more books and other publications have been written about mayflies than
caddisflies.

Back to the Green Sedge, the problem with the color in this case is that it is only the
color of the body of the caddisfly, not the wings. When you spot a Green Sedge,
you would have to look close to know it is a Green Sedge. Its wings are brown and
tan, or combinations of both depending on the particular species.

The Green Sedge is a free-living caddisfly. That means its larvae doesn't live in
cases or shelters like the net-spinners or cased caddisflies. The little green
worm-like larvae crawl around on the bottom of the stream fully exposed most of
their life. Trout eat a lot of them. It is one of the prime sources of food for trout in the
Smokies.

The
Rhyacophila species of caddisflies are called Green Sedges. I'm sure that
means little to most of you but it will identify without question the particular group of
caddisflies I am writing about. There are several species that are found in the
Smokies:

Rhyacophila accola
Rhyacophila acutiloba
Rhyacophila amicis
Rhyacophila appalachia
Rhyacophila atrata
Rhyacophila carolina
Rhyacophila carpenteri
Rhyacophila fuscula
Rhyacophila glaberrima
Rhyacophila minor
Rhyacophila montana
Rhyacophila mycta
Rhyacophila nigrita  
Rhyacophila teddyi
Rhyacophila torva


As you can see, there are a lot of different species and hatches of these caddisflies
in the Smokies. Tomorrow I will get into how you fish imitations of the larva or Green
Rock Worm.