04/25/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Short Horned Sedges
3.    American March Browns
4.    Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7.    Pale Evening Duns
8.    Yellow Sallies
9.    Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
10.  Giant Stoneflies
11.  Light Cahills
12.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
13.  Midges


New Fly List:
I am guilty of not keeping up with the hatches with our fly list, or "Flies You Need
Now" list during the last few days. It has been brought up to date. Of course, not all
the insects will be hatching on any given day but the possibility exist that any of
them may depending on the weather, time of day and stream location.

Dry versus Sub-surface Flies:
I am often asked "which ones are the most important". The answer is always,
whichever ones are hatching or
about to hatch at the time. Too often we think
only of those that are actually in the process of hatching when those that are
preparing to hatch are just as, or even more important. That is because any aquatic
insect that is getting ready to hatch puts itself in an exposed position that makes it
easy for the trout to take advantage of. Anglers tend to select their dry flies from
what is hatching but select their nymph and pupa imitations at random, rather than
choosing one that is about to hatch and most available for the trout to eat. The
other simple mistake many make is
trying to force feed the trout with a dry fly
when a subsurface fly will bring far more activity. I am guilty of that more often than
not.

If you are choosing your fly, dry or subsurface, based on the sheer fun of fishing,
then there is nothing wrong with fishing a dry fly anytime. Some anglers fish a dry fly
all of the time. I don't go to that extreme but I do fish one more often than I should.
Again, I don't think anything is wrong with that as long as you understand it may not
be the most productive way to catch trout at the particular time and place. If you get
right down to it, day in and day out, you will get far more action fishing a nymph or
larva imitation than a dry fly. I mention "larva" imitation knowing full well that it is
generally accepted in the fly business or fly shops to use the word "nymph" for a
larva imitation. In my opinion, this came about as a results of the average angler
and even fly shop salesman not actually knowing the difference in the two. Just
because it is accepted, doesn't make it right.

Anyway, getting back to the subject, I find that most of the time anglers are having
problems catching as many trout as they would like to catch, even though several
insects may be hatching, its because they are over-fishing the dry fly and not using
nymph and larva imitations near as much as they should.
If trout are not taking
insects from the surface, it is always more productive to use a subsurface
fly.
If you choose not to, I certainly understand and I am the first one to say there
isn't anything wrong with it. I just want those who complain about the fishing being a
little slow or off, to recognize that often, it is the basic approach they are using.

At the present time, if you don't get struck by lightning or hit by a falling tree, you
should be able to catch lots of trout. You should catch several on the dry fly. If you
are interested in keeping the action continuous all day long, you better be using a
subsurface fly most of the time. Most hatches last only about an hour or two.