04/23/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Little Black Winter Stoneflies
3.   Quill Gordon Mayflies
4.   Blue Quill Mayflies
5.   Little Brown Stoneflies
6.   Little Black Caddis (American Grannoms)
7.   Hendricksons and Red Quills
8.   Little Short Horned Sedges
9.   American March Brown
10. Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies)
11. Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12  Midges


Hatches In General:
The aquatic insects that are hatching in Great Smoky Mountains National Park are
rotating around about this time of the year. I just noticed yesterday, that it is going
to be difficult for me to cover all the hatches that will start in the next few days or
that have started lately, before they hatch. I'll go over the situation, just to make
sure I'm not leaving anything out that is important.

As almost always, there will still be some small or
Little Blue-winged Olives that
hatch during the next month of two. These will be hook size 20 and smaller
Acentrella,.Diphetor, and Plauditus species, not Baetis.
The
Little Short-horned Sedges will continue to hatch in good quantities.
Green Sedges will be starting to hatch any day now.
The
Cinnamon Sedges, I will finish writing about below are just starting and so will
their
Little Sisters, a caddisfly that is almost the same, just smaller.
The Blue Quills, Quill Gordons and Hendricksons will be gone any day now, if not
already.
The
Pale Evening Duns (many call Sulphurs) will start to hatch any day. The
American March Browns are in full swing at this time. Eastern Green Drakes will
start to hatch any day on Abrams Creek.
The stoneflies will soon start appearing in larger numbers. The
Little Yellow
Stoneflies,
most of which anglers call Yellow Sallies, will start any day if not
already. The
Giant Stoneflies are already starting to hatch. I'll be making major
changes in the list of flies you need during the next day or two.


Cinnamon Sedges (Caddis) - Adults
The Cinnamon Sedges, or Cinnamon Caddisflies, whichever name you prefer,
deposit their eggs in the late afternoons and early evenings. The egg laying
process can start before the hatch ends. It is difficult to tell exactly what is going on
when they are hatching and depositing their eggs in large numbers at the same
time. That will happen often on Abrams Creek within the next month or two.

If the hatch is still occurring, you should stick with an imitation of the pupa. It is more
effective than the adult imitations of the egg layers. The dry fly adults are more fun
to fish but don't expect to catch as many as you will on the a pupa imitation if the
hatch is going on.

These caddisflies both deposit their eggs on the surface and dive to deposit them
on rocks below the surface depending on the particular species. Some species
even do both.

You want to place your fly wherever you observe trout taking them from the surface.
This may not occur before late in the day, after the sun has set. If it is a bright, clear
day, it may not occur until after you can legally fish in the park.
"Perfect Fly"
Cinnamon Sedge
(Caddis) Adult. You
cannot see it in this
view but it has a
foam body and
floats high.