03/27/10
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Little Black Winter Stoneflies
3.   Quill Gordon Mayflies
4.   Blue Quill Mayflies
5.   Little Brown Stoneflies
6.   Little Black Caddis (American Grannoms)
7.   Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
8.   Midges

The Hendricksons and Red Quills -Part 2
I wanted to correct something I wrote yesterday. Mr. Albert E. Hendrickson didn't
come up with the Hendrickson fly pattern, Mr. Roy Steenrod did. Mr. Steenrod
named the pool after Mr. Hendrickson because it was his favorite pool to fish the
Hendrickson hatch. The sign I showed yesterday states that.

I have fished the Hendrickson hatch several different years on the Delaware River
of which the Beaverkill is a tributary. I have also fished it on the Beaverkill but it isn't
near as good as the one on the West Branch of the Delaware River. It is an exciting
time for a fly angler to be there.

Back to fishing the Hendrickson hatch in the Smokies, just let me say that you first
must be fishing where one occurs. That's normally the larger pools, more
specifically the ends of the large pools and other areas where the water flows
moderately. I have found some good hatches on the Cataloochee River and on
Hazel Creek. Other than that they seem to have been pretty spotty and confined to
small areas of the streams. I am sure there are plenty that take place where and
when I haven't been there. Never-the-less, if you are fishing where one occurs, you
certainly want to be able to take advantage of it. The trout will feed on the emerging
duns aggressively as well as the spinners. Anther problem is that the spinner fall
may occur after legal hours to fish in the park. This isn't always the case. It depends
on the weather. On cloudy, overcast days it happens earlier in the day.

If you know an area where Hendricksons are present, then you can catch plenty of
trout feeding on their nymphs prior to the actual start of the hatch. They will become
active a week or two prior to the hatch and the trout key in on them. In fact, you can
usually do better fishing imitations of the nymphs and emerging nymphs than the
duns. The emergering nymphs are very easy prey for trout. They make awkward,
feeble attempts to reach the surface and hatch and the trout just pick them off with
ease. You can see the flashes of trout feeding on them during a good hatch. Every
once in a while, you will see one taken from the surface but you will see swirls and
flashes of the trout more often provide the light conditions are right. An imitation of
the emerger usually want drift very far before being eaten.

These mayflies usually hatch right on the tail end of the Quill Gordon hatch. The
little Blue Quills are usually still around because they hatch over a much longer
period of time than the Quill Gordons. The difference in the two mayflies is
detectable even form from a distance. The Blue Quills are a size 18 and the
Hendrickson females a hook size 12 - the males a 14.

Something I forgot to mention yesterday, discussing the common names of the
insects and the flies, is that you will see the fly name "Light Cahill" and occasionally,
"Dark Cahill". I guess that one is suppose to the be male and the other the female,
but most of the commercial imitations I have seen were very poor imitations of the
real insects.

Some of you probably think we went nuts at Perfect Fly developing an imitation of
the male emerger, female emerger, male dun, female dun, and male spinner and
female spinner. They are as different as night and day in appearance. Another
reason we had is that you should try to tell a regular Catskill angler one fly will work.
Most of them will laugh at you. Anyway, we have the sexes and stages covered and
as you can see, the flies are different.
Female Emerger
Male Spinner
Female Spinner
Male Dun
Female Dun
Male Emerger
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