Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2. Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
3 Light Cahills - hatching
4. Midges - hatching in isolated locations
5. Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
6. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish
7. Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching
8. Green Sedges - hatching
9. Little Sister Caddisflies - Mostly Abrams Creek
10. Eastern Pale Evening Duns - (called Sulfurs by some)
11. Sulphurs - hatching in isolated areas
12. Golden Stonefly - hatching
13. Little Green Stonefly - hatching
14. Slate Drakes - hatching
Fishing the Current Conditions
I don't want to cause more confusion than I provide in sound recommendations, so
let me make clear that I am not necessarily recommending fishing terrestrial,
beetles or grasshoppers at this time if you ignore the stoneflies, mayflies or
caddisflies that are still hatching. I was just trying to get to the beetles and hoppers
before the terrestrial season gets here.
You could probably catch trout on the terrestrials now but you should do better
fishing the Little Green, Golden and Little Yellow Stonefly hatches. To make sense
of that, keep in mind these stoneflies hatch during the evenings or at night.
What you want to concentrate on is the nymphs that move to the banks in
preparation to crawl out of the water and hatch. Fish nymph imitations of these in
the afternoons near the banks. Stay back away from the banks if you are fishing
from the banks so that you don't spook the trout that may be trying to eat the
nymphs. If the banks are tree lined and you are wading, cast to the banks upstream
ahead of your position. Keep the fly very near the banks in the slower water
adjacent to the fast water runs and riffles.
Late in the day, for as long as the park rules permit, fish imitations of the adults.
This is for the egg layers. If you don't see the stoneflies dipping down and
depositing their eggs, don't fish the adults - continue to fish the nymphs.
Out of these three stoneflies, most likely the most available one (in terms of
quantities) will be the Little Yellow Stoneflies. If you don't see the larger Goldens or
the Little Greens, stick with the Little Yellows.
You may see Sulphurs, Eastern Pale Evening Duns, American March Browns, Light
Cahill, and possibly some Slate Drake spinners mixed in with the egg laying
stoneflies. They deposit their eggs and fall spent in the water late in the afternoons
just before dark. You will also probably see some caddisflies such as the Green
Caddis (that is the body not the wings), Cinnamon or Little Sisters, or Short-horned
sedges mixed in with them. They too deposit their eggs just before dark and on into
The mayflies and caddisflies I listed above hatch anywhere from noon untill 5:00 or
6:00 in the afternoons depending on the species. If you are not watching carefully
you may never see them. They leave the water fast and hit the bushes and trees.
None of them are heavy hatches as a general rule. You may come across a
location of water suited for any one of them and see several but that is not the
usual situation. If you see any one of them hatching, fish the hatch by all means.
Fish either the emerger imitations of the particular mayfly or pupa imitation of the
caddis at first. If you see them taking the duns and or adults from the surface, fish
the dun or adult imitations of the mayfly or caddis. These hatches are all getting
near the end of their hatch times but you may still find some heavier hatches in the
mid to higher elevations.
If the water stays high, and it may, don't overlook fishing streamers. Fish them as
close to the banks as you can. The trout tend to hold near the banks in high water.
This is slower fishing in terms of catching, but you may end up with better results.
Copyright James Marsh 2009