Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2. Quill Gordons - hatching but about to end
3. Hendricksons - hatching
4. Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
5. Little Brown Stoneflies - hatching but about to end
6. Midges - hatching in isolated locations
7. Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
8. American March Browns - hatching
9. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish
Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
The ultimate hatch for many Eastern anglers is the Ephemera guttuata, or Eastern
Green Drake, a very large mayfly, even larger than the Western Green Drake,
which by the way, is in no way similar. The highlight of the Eastern Green Drake
hatch is the spinner fall. Unfortunately, this hatch only occurs in a few areas in
Great Smoky Mountains National Park. There are a few places these large mayflies
hatch just outside the park, but within the park, Abrams Creek (mostly the spring
creek section) is the only place we know of that has a hatch substantial enough to
warrant consideration. We show this hatch starting near the end of April.
Green Drake nymphs are burrowers that are most commonly found in slow to
moderately flowing water such as pools and backwaters that have soft or silt
bottoms. They spend most of their life buried in the silt, banks or soft bottom, but
molt several times during this stage of their life. They come out of their burrows to
molt as well as at nighttime to browse for food. They may be eaten by trout during
that time but night fishing is not permitted in the park. It wouldn't be safe or practical
if it were allowed.
Sometimes weighted nymph imitations can be fished along the bottom of the stream
very late in the day with some success. Green drake nymphs can swim well and
action can be added to imitate the up and down, swimming motion of the nymphs.
We have found that it is best to fish imitations of the nymph just prior to the hatch
taking place. They also work very good in the mornings during a hatch.
The nymphs hatch into duns throughout the day, not at any one particular time of
day. If no hatch is occurring, the nymphs stay in their burrowers most of the time
and are not available for the trout to eat. They come out only to feed and molt.
During those times the trout feed on them.
This is our "Perfect Fly" Eastern Green Drake Imitation. These come in hook sizes 8
Copyright 2009 James Marsh
This is a thumbnail image of an
Eastern Green Drake dun. It is
something else to see these
large mayflies on the surface of
the water fluttering. They like
more like Hummingbirds than