Great Smoky Mountains Fishing Report - 06/22/14
Smoky Mountain Weather:
Today, expect Isolated showers and thunderstorms after noon. It will be mostly sunny
with a high near 88. The chance of precipitation is 20%.

Monday, there is aA 40 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms, mainly after
noon. It will be mostly sunny with a high near 87.

Smoky Mountain Stream Conditions:
The streams with links that have nearby USGS Station Real-time stream data:

Little River: Rate 77 cfs at 1.44 ft.
(good wading conditions up to 250 cfs, and with extra caution up to 400 cfs)

Oconaluftee River: Rate 286 cfs at 1.52 ft.
(good wading conditions up to 500 cfs, and with extra caution up to 700 cfs)

Cataloochee Creek: Rate 79 cfs at 2.46 ft
(good wading conditions up to 125 with extra caution up to 150 cfs)

Little Pigeon River doesn't have a station nearby and I haven't seen it this
morning. Yesterday, it looked a little low.

Hazel Creek and the other larger NC streams flowing into Fontana Lake:
I am mostly going by the precip map and a local report. The streams appear to be
near their normal levels.

Current Recommended Streams
I would avoid fishing Little River. It has slowed to a crawl about to dry up.
Seriously, it is very, very low. In the middle to higher elevations about anywhere but
Little River, you will have much better opportunities. You will have better
opportunities on the North Carolina side of the park. The streams with USGS data
are flowing just below normal.

Recommended Trout Flies:
1. Eastern Blue-winged Olives:
Hook Size 14/16
nymphs
emergers
duns
spinners

2. Brown and White Belly Sculpins: Especially good in off color, high water &
early/late in the day
Hook Size 4/6

3.
Light Cahills:
Hook Size 16/14
nymphs
emergers
duns
spinners

4. Slate Drakes
Hook Size 10/12
nymphs
spinners

5. Cream Cahills
Hook Size 16/14
nymphs
emergers
duns
spinners

6.
Green Sedge (Caddisfly):
Hook Size 14/16
larvae (Green Rock Worms)
pupae
adults

7.
Little Yellow Stoneflies:
Hook Size 14/16
nymphs
adults

8. Little Green Stoneflies
Hook Size 16
nymphs
adults

9.
Golden Stoneflies:
Hook Size 10/12
nymphs
adults

10.
Moth Larvae: (Inch Worms): 10/12/14

11. Carpenter Ants, Black
Hook Size 16/18

12. Japanese Beetles
Hook Size 16/14

13. Grass Hoppers
Hook Size 10, 12, 14


Miscellaneous Hatches Occurring in the Smokies:
Cinnamon Caddis and Little Sister caddis:
I should mention that you may find some Cinnamon Caddis, sizes 18 and 16, about
the middle of the month of May, along with their Little Sister Caddis, size 18. These
are usually found in the slower sections of the larger streams but only in very small
quantities and only in isolated locations within the stream. Abrams Creek has plenty
of both of these caddisflies and if you fish Abrams I suggest you have imitations of
them.

The
true Sulphurs are hatching in the Smokies. They hatch in slower water but
often very near fast water runs and riffles. These mayflies are not plentiful in the
Smokies. They are crawler nymphs and found mostly in pockets and pools with areas
of softer bottom. They can be plentiful but only in very small, isolated sections of the
larger streams.

Recommended Fishing Strategy:
Keep in mind, the strategies I am recommending is for the maximum odds of
catching numbers of fish.
Many prefer or favor a dry fly and by all means there
isn't anything wrong with that. It's just a fact that if nothing is hatching at the time, it
reduces your odds of success. You can still probably hook some trout, just not as
many as if you fish subsurface. Of course, this is also based on using good
techniques and the right flies. Some guys don't know how to fish below the surface.
Strategy:
Until I spotted something hatching, I would fish a Slate Drake nymph. These big
mayflies are plentiful throughout the streams of the Smokies. They are swimming
nymphs and represent a big meal for the trout that catch them. They will begin to
hatch anytime now and the nymphs are beginning to crawl to the banks to crawl out
of the water and hatch. That makes them much easier for the trout to catch and give
you a good shot at catching some nice trout that watch the constant migration that
will occur off and on for the next few months, more for this coming month and less
during August. The hatches will pick up again in late September and early October.

Let me note that if you fished the day before, and know for a fact a certain mayfly
listed above is hatching in a certain area of the stream your fishing, by all means fish
the nymph of that mayfly the next morning up until you begin to see them hatch. That
will always give you the highest odds of success.

Little Yellow Stoneflies are hatching. If you see any adults during the day, it is a good
idea to fish an imitation of the nymph late in the day and near the banks of the
stream. They crawl out and hatch during the darkness of the night. You may also
spot some of the females laying eggs. This usually occurs late afternoons and if so,
be certain to fish an imitation of the adult.

Little Green Stoneflies will begin to hatch within a week or so. They tend to hatch in
slower water at the ends of pools moreso than the fast water runs and riffles. They
are similar to the Little Yellows, but a bright green. They average a hook size 16.

Golden Stoneflies have been hatching. These will be found in good numbers but only
in isolated areas of some streams, usually where the water has some deep, fast runs.
Like all stoneflies, they crawl out of the water mostly at night. Fishing an imitations of
the nymph late in the day is a good idea, provided you know they are hatching in a
given area. Fish the adult when you see them laying eggs late in the afternoon.

Green Sedges have been hatching and will continue for a few more weeks. There
are several different species of them. The do not hatch in big numbers but where
they hatch, trout will focus on eating them because they hatch at a time of day that is
different from other hatching insects at this time of the year. It usually occurs later in
the day near the same time the previously hatched adults are depositing their eggs.
You should concentrate far more on fishing the Green Rock Worm or larva stage of
life of the Green Sedge.

Light Cahills have beem hatching and will continue for the next two or three weeks.
This is a good mayfly hatch for the Smokies and if you encounter any, you want to
make sure you fish it. If you encounter one today, you should fish the Light Cahill
nymph in the morning and for the next few days in the same area.  If you see the
duns, you can expect the spinners to fall late in the afternoon. They are very difficult
to see and you probably won't see them. Just fish the Light Cahill spinner pattern at
the ends of the runs and riffles where they will congregate. If a hatch has occurred,
they will be there for certain but sometimes it is quite late near dark.

Cream Cahills, similar to the Light Cahills, but a much lighter color mayfly will begin to
hatch within the next few days. They tend to be more of these in the middle and
higher elevations. The duns leave the water very quickly but the spinner fall can
produce some very hot action.

There are plenty of moth larvae hanging from the tree limbs. The moth larvae fly also
imitates the green caddis larvae quite well and is one reason the fly works well in the
Smokies.

Carpenter ants are becoming very plentiful and getting as large as they will get.
There are both black and browns ones in the park but the blacks are more plentiful.
These ants tend to only get in the water when they are washed in by heavy
downpours. It is a good idea to fish them anytime after a thunderstorm.

The same heavy rain scenario applies to the Japanese Beetle. These insects are
very plentiful in the park.  Fish our Perfect Fly imitation of them anytime, but they are
more effective after heavy downpours.

In areas where the streams in the park are surrounded by lots of grass, hoppers can
become a factor in the trout's diet. They are generally blown in the streams by high
wind, but can always accidentally jump in the water. They are not the smartest
creatures on earth.

Tips for Beginners:
Never let anyone tell you not to expect much. As long as you don't expect much, you
can expect to never become a good angler.

Tips for the Self Proclaimed Experts:
None

Whatever Hits Me:
A good report came in from Derek Porter on his recent trip to the Cataloochee
Valley. He managed to catch some trout even though it was mostly a trip for his kids.

Here what he had to say about it the trip:
We had a great trip and the rain never really slowed us down. It was amazing to see
the river jump to over 300cfs and be almost red and then clear by morning.

I caught 2 Brookies right there at the campground.  One was huge - nearly 8 inches.  
He popped off as I was fumbling for my camera, of course.  Caught him about 100 ft
above where Caldwell fork dumps in.  The second one was smaller but caught below
Caldwell fork.  The Light Cahill nymph was the winner for me.  Its neat to see the
brookies so far downstream here. Several rainbows but no browns.  Golden
stoneflies everywhere at night around the light of the bathroom.  It looked like they
were actually hunting and eating the little gnats at the light. Here is a pic with a
caddis as well.  

My daughter was playing at the shore of the creek one morning and watched a
stonefly crawl onto shore and hatch.

There is a deep hole at the campground where some wooden steps have been built
down. It is definitely the swimming hole with a rope swing too. It's right below Caldwell
fork. I fished it around 6:45am one morning while water was still stained with the white
belly sculpin.  I was hoping to trick something but no luck.  That hole might just have
too many kids and rocks going into it every day.

My son found a crayfish that looked like a lobster.  It was at least 6 inches long and
had claws bigger than a blue crab. Id love to catch the brown trout that is willing to
eat something that big.
Copyright 2014 James Marsh
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Golden stonelfy, on top and a small caddis on the
bottom....looks like a short-horned sedge.