12/01/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:

Hatching:
1.     Blue-winged Olives
2.     Little Yellow Quills
3.     Great Autumn Brown Sedges
4.     Needle Stoneflies
5.     Midges

Most available - Other types of food:
6.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)







Special Cyber Day Offer:
Smoky Mountain Fly Fishing - Spring and Summer Fly Set
Our Spring and Summer fly set is an excellent gift for fly fishing the Great Smoky
Mountains but
if purchased today, Cyber Monday, we will toss in a Perfect Fly
Box
that is regularly $16.95.  

















The selection includes 80 flies as listed below normally priced at $160.00
Flies purchased separately: $174.60
You Save: $14.60 on the flies, $16.95 price of fly box or
you save a total $32.55.
Plus You Get Free Shipping



Flies Included:
Mayflies:
2 each Blue-winged Olive Nymphs, of Hook Sizes 16, 18 (4 flies)
2 each Blue-winged Olive Duns, Hook Size 16, 18 (4 flies)
2 each Blue-winged Olive Emergers, Hook Size 16, 18 (4 flies)
2 each Blue Quill Emergers, Hook Size 18
2 each Blue Quill Dun, Hook Size 18
2 each Quill Gordon Emerging Duns, Hook Size 12
2 each Quill Gordon Duns, Hook Size 12
2 each American March Brown Nymphs, Hook Size 10
2 each American March Brown Duns, Hook Size 10
2 each Light Cahill Emergers, Hook Size 14
2 each Light Cahill Duns, Hook Size 14
2 each Slate Drake Nymphs, Hook Size 10
2 each Slate Drake Spinners, Hook Size 10
2 each Hendrickson Nymphs, Hook Size 14
2 each Hendrickson Dun - Female, Hook Size 14
2 each Hendrickson Spinners - Male, Hook Size 14
2 each Sulfur Duns, Hook Size 18
2 each Sulfur Spinners, Hook Size 18
2 each Little Yellow Quill Duns, Hook Size 16
Caddisflies:
2 each Cinnamon Caddis Adults, Hook Size 16
2 each Cinnamon Caddis Pupae, Hook Size 16
2 each Cinnamon Caddis Larvae, Hook Size 16
2 each Green Sedge Larva, Hook Size 14
2 each Green Sedge Pupae, Hook Size 14
2 each Green Sedge Adults, Hook Size 14
2 each Little Black Caddis Adults, Hook Size 18
2 each Little Black Caddis Pupae, Hook Size 18
Terrestrials:
2 each Brown Sandwich Hoppers, Hook Sizes 6 and 10
2 each Black Carpenter Ants, Hook Size 16
2 each Japanese Beetles, Hook Size 14
2 each Inch Worms, Hook Size
Streamers:
2 each Brown Sculpin, Hook Size 6
2 each Yellow Marabou Sculpin, Hook Size 6
2 each Black Marabou Sculpin, Hook Size  6
Stoneflies:
2 each Yellow Sally Nymphs, Hook Size 14
2 each Yellow Sally Adults, Hook Size 14
2 each Golden Stonefly Nymphs, Hook Size 12
2 each Golden Stonefly Adults, Hook Size 12
2 each Little Brown Stonefly Nymphs, Hook Size 12
2 each Giant Black Nymph, Hook Size 4

Total 80 "Perfect Fly" trout flies
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Fly Fishing Strategies and
Weather/Stream Conditions Update
Friday: Whatever Hits Me
Saturday: Getting Started
Sunday: Fly Fishing School
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1.
Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
response.

2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
need.

3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.

Shipping is free in the U. S. for all
orders of any size. Orders over $50
are shipped free via Priority Mail.
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click here and enter a note on our order page
that it is the Cyber special.
Fly Fishing School - Freestone Trout Streams - Changing Water
Conditions
The stream’s volume of water and rate of flow is strictly dependant upon Mother
Nature. The amount of water in the stream can vary drastically with the seasons
of the year. Heavy rainfall that usually occurs in the spring months makes the
freestone streams large and turbulent and sometimes flood beyond their normal
banks. In the late summer and fall months of the year, most freestone streams
reach their lowest levels. Sometimes the flow can become so slow and the
dissolved oxygen levels so low that it become tough for trout to survive. This is
especially true in the lower sections of the streams in the foothills.

At the headwaters, most eastern freestone mountain streams support native
brook trout. These fish are usually small, averaging from four to eight inches
because they have less space to live and less food to eat but they are also
usually very aggressive and lighting fast. Most of the time, trout found in the
acidic, headwater streams feed opportunistically. It is rare that they have enough
of any one species of food to feed on. Selective feeding times are few and far
between.

The angler usually does not have to be as concerned with specific patterns of flies.
There are times when the trout do concentrate on a particular insect. There are
usually a few species that can cause selective feeding for short periods of time in the
headwater streams.

As many of you may know, in the Eastern Appalachian Mountains, rainbow and
brown trout are a problem for the native brook trout. They will compete for the
same space and food. This has forced the smaller brook trout to exist only at
higher and more remote locations than they once did. In many cases, in the
middle and lower elevations of the streams in the Great Smoky Mountains
National Park, brook trout have been completely eliminated by the rainbow and
brown trout. The park service along with concerned anglers are working on
changing this in a few streams.

It doesn't take much to upset the balance of nature in a freestone stream. Many,
many factors have done just that. The logging of timber has been a major  
problem for many streams. The construction of roads has also affected many of
the streams and in many different ways. The construction of lakes has
also affected many trout streams. This is a big issue with many western trout
streams. Acid rain is yet another adverse factor that has affected streams in the
Eastern United States. The list goes on and on.

For our purposes here, the main thing to be gained from these adverse affects
is that anglers should be aware of what makes a freestone stream produce good
trout fishing and what hurts them. Two important points to stop and register is
water temperature (which also affects the oxygen content) and water levels or
stream flows. Knowing these two things about a freestone stream is the first and
primarily the most important things to know.

By far the best source of information is the angler’s thermometer. It will provide
water temperatures that are accurate at the time you are fishing at the particular
point you are fishing.  

Stream flows can be obtained from this site under the Information Section for any
stream in the nation. Thunderstorms that occur in a different watershed can
change the flows very quickly.

The next most important thing would probably be the clarity of the stream’s water.
The stream levels and flow rates are good indicators of the water clarity but this
information alone is sometimes deceptive. Of course, once you are on the
stream, you can see the watercolor conditions for yourself.

The pH of the water is yet another factor that affects the trout and its food but it
is one you can do little about. You can change the way you fish to adjust to water
temperature and water levels but you can't adjust for high pH levels. Of course,
just knowing the water temperature and level is not enough. The information is
worthless if you do not know how it affects the trout and how it affects your fishing.