Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1.     Slate Drakes
2.     Little Yellow Stoneflies
3.     Needle Stoneflies
4.     Mahogany Duns
5.     Little Yellow Quills
6.     Great Autumn Brown Sedges
7.     Blue-winged Olives

Most available - Other types of food:
8.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Fly Fishing School - Spooking Trout Test
The following is perfect example of just how difficult it can be to slip up on trout.
This was sent to me by Derek Porter. I will be posting a very interesting and
complete fishing report on his and his buddies recent fishing trip on Deep Creek.

One more interesting side story.  On Wednesday AM as we walked across the
Jenkins Place Bridge to head downstream. We stopped to watch the water.  There
was a NICE rainbow - it was over 14" - maybe 16" holding about 6" below the
surface in water that was probably 6 ft deep.  He was about 10 ft upstream of the
bridge.  We did a little test to see just how spooky these trout are. I stayed up on
the bridge as the spotter and David walked off the bridge and back to the bank
and walked upstream to where he was even with the fish.  
David walked/snuck
as slow and stealthy as anyone possible could and this trout detected
David and shot down into the deep before David got within 12 ft of the
 This fish was at least 12 ft out in the creek away from the bank.  David
was at least 25 ft away from the fish and the fish saw him and vanished!   It's funny
because you can read where people tell you "don't step in the water" and "be
stealthy, fish the water upstream of you" but when you see it with your own eyes in
a "controlled environment" like that it really makes an impression.  Derek

My Input On This:
The  only thing missing from this, and I haven't ask Derek about it, was David's
height above the water as he walked up the bank towards the fish. Trout, looking
at objects outside the water through their "window of  vision", cannot detect
objects below a 10 degree angle above the horizontal water level or horizon.

I should also note that the view a fish gets of objects below about a 20-30 degree
angle above the water level is greatly distorted. Objects appear very fat and short
to the fish.  
BUT they can detect movement of the Fat, Short Object.

Understanding exactly how fish see objects outside the water is extremely
important in understanding what you can and cannot get by with as far as
sneaking up on fish is concerned. What they see looking towards the surface of
the water other than that viewed through their "window of  vision: (Snell's Circle) is
a reflection of the bottom of the stream.  

I should also note that trout and other fish are capable of "Hearing" low frequency
sounds made by anglers walking on the bank transmitted through the earth and
water. These sounds are detected through sensors (may not be the right word) at
the fish's lateral line. You can yell and it won't scare them. Stomp the ground and
they will probably hear you.

Thanks, Derek
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
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