Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1.     Slate Drakes
2.     Little Yellow Stoneflies
3.     Needle Stoneflies
4.     Mahogany Duns
5.     Little Yellow Quills
6.     Great Autumn Brown Sedges
7.     Blue-winged Olives

Most available - Other types of food:
8.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Getting Started - Beware of Bogus Web Information
Have you seen the State Farm insurance company TV commercial where the girl
gets a date with a French Model on the Internet? Of course, not all you read on
the Internet is true and
that also applies to fly fishing. It even applies to articles
written by people you would assume knew the 101 basics of fly fishing for trout in
the Smokies. Sadly, there's a lot of false information put out by people that both
profess and appear to know what they are writing about.

I'm not referring to things that requires an opinion. I'm referring to facts and not
even facts that are complicated, but facts that are very 101 basic things that
pertain to trout in the Smokies and the food they survive on.

I scan 38 different websites about fly fishing daily. I read those things that are of
interest to me but usually that's a very few articles that involves only a few minutes
of time a day. I do that to keep track of what others are doing and especially, from
an fly fishing industry standpoint.

Yesterday, something caught my eye about fly fishing in the Smokies that is
disturbing to say the least.
The reason it's disturbing is the fact it completely
misleads those learning to fish.
Even more upsetting is that it's probably
accepted as fact by most of the unsuspecting readers trying to learn to fish.

One such thing stated that,
"During the winter, food is scarce." Well, my
friends, that is a completely false statement. In fact, it is exactly the opposite of
There is more food available during the winter months in the streams
of the Smokies than any other time of the year.
The largest aquatic insect
hatches of the year occur in the late winter months. It is exactly the opposite of the
bogus information put out by someone most unsuspecting people would assume
knew what they were writing about.
Right now, there is more food in the
streams of the Smokies than during the months of August and September
This is both in terms of sheer numbers of aquatic insect larvae and nymphs and
the total mass of the food supply. What's disturbing about the false information is
that it implies that it isn't very important as to what food an angler tries to imitate
with a fly during the winter months.
It fact, it continues to state just that. I think
the writer should attend one of his own "Getting started fly fishing schools" but that
would be a waste because I doubt that he has actually fished the park eight hours
in the last eight years.

Just about all of the aquatic insects that live on a one year cycle, which includes
the great majority of them, have already emerged for the current year. The
females have laid their eggs and the large majority of those eggs have already
hatched into larvae and nymphs.
In fact, the greatest amount of food that's
available for the trout the entire year is present in the streams in
February and March,
when the majority of those nymphs and larvae are
approaching the fully grown stage.

It also says "When water temperature reaches 40 degrees, most trout don’t eat
much. Their metabolism has slowed. They do not need food." That statement is
only partially true and very deceptive. The later part is completely false. They
still need food and they still eat when the water is below 40 degrees. I can give
example after example of where I have caught lots of trout when the water was less
than forty degrees and this includes the streams of the Smokies. It does becomes
a more challenging situation but not because the trout won't eat but simply
because you have to put the fly right in front of trout you can't see that are holding
in deeper water. It also has to be presented slow, not fly by them. Since the fly is
presented slow, where they are holding in slow moving water, they get a good look
at the fly. In other words, the mechanics of presenting the fly becomes
more difficult and the presentation takes a lot more time than fishing faster flowing
water or for surface feeding trout. Bless the poor guys that ice fish. The water is
never warmer than 39 degrees and usually colder than that.

Trout are cold-water fish. Bass, both smallmouth and largemouth, are warm-water
fish and even they will still eat when the water temperature is below forty degrees. I
know because I have caught hundreds, if not thousands under those conditions.
I have done the same thing fishing for trout many times. We fished ten straight
days in Colorado one year when the water temperature never reached over forty
degrees and caught between twenty-five to seventy trout a day. I did the same
thing one week in June in Montana. I can show hours and hours of video of
numerous such occasions. Trout will be caught all winter in the western states
when the water is that cold. They will be caught here in the Great Smoky
Mountains National Park if anglers would fish for them and change their fishing
methods and techniques to adjust to the cold water. If you don't believe trout will
eat in cold water, watch someone feed their pet trout live bait when the water is
less than forty degrees. They look like a school of feeding piranhas.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Fly Fishing Strategies and
Weather/Stream Conditions Update
Friday: Whatever Hits Me
Saturday: Getting Started
Sunday: Fly Fishing School
More Options For Selecting Flies:
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fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a

2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you

3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.

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