Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. Cream Cahills
2. Cinnamon Caddis
3. Slate Drakes
4. Little Green Stoneflies
5. Mahogany Duns
Most available - Other types of food:
6. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
7. Inch Worms
This Week's Featured Trout Food - Craneflies
Craneflies are members of the Tipulidae family. There are two types of caneflies,
a terrestrial type and the aquatic type. Adult craneflies have skinny bodies, long
slender legs, and long wings that lie down on the insects back. They look like
giant misquotes but are actually harmless. Like midges, the craneflies are
Caneflies fly poorly and tend to hang around streamside vegetation. Small
streams with overhanging trees and bushes (like almost every stream in the Great
Smoky Mountains National Park) tend to have larger concentrations of them than
larger, wider streams.
Female craneflies deposit their eggs on submerged vegetation or in damp soil so
they are not available for trout to eat as egg layers. The larvae cannot swim and
are usually eaten by trout when they are washed in the water by rainfall. They are
found in just about every stream that holds trout.
Perfect Fly Cranefly Larvae
Since the terrestrial variety get into the water by being washed in by rainwater,
it makes sense that the best times to fish cranefly larvae imitations would be
following heavy rains. Since the larvae get washed in from the banks and by
small drainage flows, it is probably best to fish near the banks and the rainwater
The pupae of the cranefly species are not important to anglers. Both the
terrestrial and aquatic species pupae are found on land. The aquatic species
larvae migrate to land before pupating. During the pupae stage of life they stay
under the soil, leaves and logs for a month or so.
We see huge numbers of these flies on the water and it makes sense that the
trout feed on them although they seem to be far more legs and wings that body.
It seems to me that the majority of them I see are floating on very shallow water.
I would guess that shallow water areas near the banks would be where you
would want to concentrate on placing your fly.
We came up with this imitation due to a large number of request from customers
who do fish imitations of this fly. In testing it for us, they mentioned that the
smaller streams are the best ones to concentrate on when you are using this fly.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
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Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
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Perfect Fly Adult Cranefly - Top View