08/07/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.     Cream Cahills
2.     Cinnamon Caddis
3.     Slate Drakes
4.     Little Green Stoneflies
5.     Mahogany Duns
Most available - Other types of food:
6.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
7.      Inch Worms
8.     Grasshoppers
9.     Ants
10.   Beetles




Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
I'm running a day late on the strategies for this week. As I pointed out Monday, the
streams in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park are currently in great shape. The
weather is staying relatively cool for August and the water levels are currently low enough
to easily and safely wade. I updated the weather yesterday and pointed out that we are
expecting some rain. At this point, it is impossible to predict how much rain and how it will
affect the streams levels, but as best I can determine, the weather experts are not
expecting anything other than normal summertime showers and thunderstorms.

Notice that I have added a mayfly to the list since last week. It is time for the Mahogany
Duns to start hatching. They may or may not start this week but once they do, the trout
are going to focus on feeding on the them because they will be the most available and
plentiful supply of food. There should be some Little Green Stonefly nymphs around the
banks ready to crawl out of the water and hatch depending on the elevation and type of
water you choose to fish. You may see some adults depositing their eggs late in the
afternoons, and if so, you need to switch to an adult imitation of them.

The Slate Drake (
isonynica bicolor) hatches have slowed down but the nymphs are still
plentiful and active. The hatches will increase in September but imitations of the nymphs
should still be very effective in the mid to larger size streams. If you fish the high elevation
brook trout streams, you won't find many of them. You will be better off fishing a Cream
Cahill nymph in the mornings. You do have a good chance to encounter Cream Cahill
hatches. If you do, switch to an emerger or dun imitation of them.

For those that are new to the strategy article, please be aware that my suggestions are
based on catching the most numbers of trout. Many of you, and this often includes myself,
would prefer to fish a dry fly and if so, by all means do. You can expect some degree of
success, especially fishing the small, high elevation brook trout streams, but in general, to
catch the most in terms of numbers, your odds are higher fishing a nymph in the mornings
and for that matter, up until you see something hatching. I would use either the Slate
Drake nymph or Light Cahill nymph, depending on the elevation and type of water your
fishing.

If you happen to see any Mahogany Duns, you should use a Mahogany Dun nymph. A
week or two before they begin to hatch, there will be more of them in the lower and middle
elevations than anything. They are small, crawler nymphs that are plentiful and easier for
the trout to capture than the strong swimming Slate Drake nymphs or the Cream Cahill
clinger nymphs.

As mentioned last week, if you fish the middle and lower elevations you are also subject to
see some caddisfly hatches, but I doubt any will be very intense. Most likely these will be
Cinnamon Caddis, Green Sedges (faster water) or Little Brown caddisflies. If you do, you
should fish an imitation of the pupa or if it is late in the day, chances are the hatch has
ended and you would be better off fishing an adult imitation of the egg layers. These will
be sparse hatches at best.

In the middle to high elevations in very low light conditions, you may well find a decent
Cream Cahill spinner fall  but this will only occur very late in the day. Most of the time you
will be better off (again for numbers of fish caught) using a Little Green Stonefly nymph.
They begin crawllng out of the water to hatch very late in the day

If we do get some rain and the water becomes stained, I would switch to a Slate Drake
nymph, size 10, or streamer imitation of a sculpin. Before the week ends, this is probably
going to be the case, at least on some of the streams. I just hope the streams remain low
enough to safely wade.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
Food
More Options For Selecting Flies:
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will help you decide which flies you
need.

3. Call or email us with a budget for
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