Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. Cream Cahills
2. Cinnamon Caddis
3. Slate Drakes
4. Little Green Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
5. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6. Inch Worms
Fly Fishing School - Tippet
The tippet is the final deceptive component in the overall fly-fishing system and of course,
is what the fly is tied to. It is also the weakest link in the overall system.
Smaller size leaders are designated by their length and the tippet size number, which is
designated by a “X” that identify the size and breaking strength of the tippet. The larger
the number immediately preceded by “X”, the smaller the diameter and lower the breaking
strength of the tippet. Larger size leaders do not use the “X” system to designate size.
They are identified as being extra light, light, medium, heavy or extra heavy and may also
be designated by the diameter of the tippet. If the tippet size is larger than the zero ”X”
size designation, they are referred to by length and tippet size designated as the tested
breaking strength. For instance, a designation of a tippet may be, a nine, foot leader with
a .015-inch diameter tippet, or nine-foot leader with a breaking strength of ten pounds.
The larger the tippet, the more difficult it is to make the fly look and act natural. So, from
the standpoint of the presentation the tippet should be as small in diameter as possible.
However, since the tippet is also the weakest link between the angler and the fish a
balance of choices must be made between the quality of presentation of the fly and the
risk of a fish breaking the tippet.
Tippets are usually made of nylon monofilament. There is also what is called “bite” tippets,
which are made heavy for a short length in order to protect the leader from the sharp
teeth of some species such as the northern pike. These are usually made from single-
strand wire, heavy monofilament, nylon coated wire, fluorocarbon and other heavier
material. Bite tippets, sometimes just referred to as bite leaders, are not the weakest link
between the angler and the fish.
The larger the fly, the larger the size tippet you can use without it adversely affecting the
presentation of the fly. For example, this larger size streamer fly can be effectively
presented on a much larger size tippet than this very small dry fly. Ideally, you would use
a very small, light tippet for the dry fly – as small as possible without it compromising your
ability to successfully fight and land the fish. Most anglers would much rather take their
chances fighting a fish on light tackle than to fish heavier tackle knowing that their
chances of getting a strike are little or none.
The length of the tippet is, of course, reduced each time you tie on a fly. At some point,
the reduction in tippet length will began to adversely affect the presentation of your fly.
For this reason, it is smart to tie on a new tippet of the proper length or change to a new
leader altogether any time the tippet becomes too short.
Long tippets are more so affected by wind than shorter ones. In fact, wind can easily form
an overhand knot in the tippet during a cast. This effectively reduces the breaking
strength of the tippet as well as the presentation of the fly. As a rule of thumb, you should
always use the smallest size leader and tippet that you can get away with.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
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