07/16/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.     Cream Cahills
2.     Cinnamon Caddis
3.     Slate Drakes
4.     Little Green Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
5.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6.      Inch Worms
7.     Grasshoppers
8.     Ants
9.     Beetles






Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
We are finally experiencing a change in the aquatic insect hatches. The higher, colder
than normal water temperatures of the past few months have delayed most of the hatches.
About a month or so ago, everything seemed to be catching up to normal and then we
experienced cooler than normal temperatures for a solid month. The last part of June and
first half of July have been more like a spring month than a summer month in that regard.

We will hit a low point in hatches for a couple of weeks and then August will bring about a
few more hatches, but only a few. Later on in  the middle to the end of August we will have
another round of Little Yellow Stonefly hatches (different species from those of Spring),
some species of the Eastern Blue Winged Olives, Mahogany Duns, Needle Stoneflies and
some others yet to hatch.

Right now, Slate Drakes and Cream Cahills are the two main hatches we should see.
Always keep an open mind about terrestrial imitations, especially when we get some
strong winds from thunderstorms. There may still be some Little Yellows, Light Cahills, and
even some Golden stoneflies around, but based on the higher, more normal
temperatures, I expect they will be very short lived if they do still exist.

Unless your fishing very early or very late in the day, I suggest you stay above the 2500
foot elevation level. As mentioned yesterday, there's still a good chance of rain and
thunderstorms each day starting Thursday and continuing through the weekend. The
streams could get high again, especially in isolated areas, but for now, I think we should
plan to go with the current situation and plan on things remaining good in the future. Right
now conditions are excellent and you should be able to catch large numbers of trout,
especially if your willing to fish a nymph and not go into a total dry fly mode.

The strategy for fly fishing this coming week will vary greatly depending on the type of
water you choose to fish. By that I mean mostly small brook trout streams or the larger
middle elevation streams.

Unless your fishing a high elevation small brook trout stream, start out in the morning
using a Slate Drake nymph. The reason for that is there are more of these large swimming
nymphs than clingers or crawlers. Continue to fish the Slate Drake nymph until you see
something hatching. Most likely that would be Cream Cahills but possibly Slate Drakes.
Keep in mind the Slate Drake duns are almost never on the water. Slate Drake nymphs
crawl out of the water to hatch. If you see any Slate Drake duns, you should continue to
fish the Slate Drake nymph imitation.

Later in the afternoon, near sunset, you may want to fish an imitation of the Slate Drake
spinner but only if you see them depositing eggs on the water.

If and when you see any Cream Cahills begin to hatch, switch to an emerger or dun
pattern of it. Let me also point out there are a few odd and end caddisfliies - Cinnamon
Sedges, Green Sedges, Little Short Horned Sedges, Little Brown Caddis, Little Sisters and
others that may show up in small quantities in isolated areas. They are usually not very
significant and that is why I'm ignoring them.

The dry fly action may continue until very late in the day, even after the hatch has ended
because the trout may continue to look for food on the surface. If it subsides, switch to a
Little Green Stonefly nymph. If you see any of the adult stoneflies during the day, chances
are they will begin to lay their eggs late in the day. Fish the nymph until you start seeing
stoneflies depositing their eggs on the surface of the water. The Little Greens will not
begin to emerge (crawl out of the water to hatch) until very late in the day.

Late in the day, after the dry fly activity slows down, you should also keep an eye out for
a spinner fall. Most likely that would be Cream Cahills but there may still be a few spinners
of other species around.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
Food
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