Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. BWOs (eastern BWOs)
2. Cream Cahills
3. Cinnamon Caddis
4. Little Yellow Stoneflies
5. Golden Stoneflies
6. Slate Drakes
7. Little Green Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
8. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
9. Inch Worms
Fly Fishing School - Fly Fishing For Largemouth Bass In Lowland Lakes
Since fly fishing Great Smoky Mountains National Park shouldn't be a prime fishing destination for this
weekend, I will add another article on fly fishing for bass. This one is about lowland lakes and reservoirs. They
are quite different for what's called highland lakes and reservoirs. Both types of these lakes exist in the
southern and northern parts of the country. First, let me distinguish the two types.
Highland lakes are sometimes natural and sometimes man made and are deep (more than fifty feet) and clear
with little nutrients in the water. They are often found in mountainous country. They are often rocky with little to
no vegetation. Lowland lakes are basically shallow, less than fifty feet at the deepest, and with lots of nutrients.
Grass and other types of aquatic vegetation are common. Both types of these lakes are found in
North Carolina and Tennessee near the Smokies.
Lowland Lake Vegetation:
Fly Fishing for largemouth bass in lowland type lakes can be quite different from fishing for largemouth bass in
highland lakes. It isn't that the fish are different, it's mostly to do with the type of water they are found in. The
other big differences are the types of and the amount of the vegetation. In general, there's lots more in lowland
lakes and what is there is usually very different from the grass and other aquatic vegetation that may exist in
the shallow parts of deeper or highland lakes. Most lowland lakes have lots of different types of native and
invasive aquatic plants.
The big point to remember is that bass relate heavily to vegetation in lakes at certain times and provided it
exist, they relate heavily to structure at other times. There are usually not any rock piles, or steep rocky
banks, and other structure such as there are in highland lakes that have largemouth bass populations. There's
usually plenty of wood cover such as tree tops, stumps (in the reservoirs), tree roots, standing timber,logs, etc.
In order to discuss these different types of vegetation, you have to take them all separately. Here, I will just go
through them without detail as to how to fish them.
Lily pads (water lily) are all over the shallow Florida lakes and common in many other lakes from New York to
Florida. It is one of the most plentiful types of aquatic vegetation. Largemouth bass love lily pads. They offer
shade and food. Food comes from all the many other types of fish that like the shade of the lily pads.
Tape Grass is common in many southern lakes. It is submerged and holds not only baitfish, bream, etc., it also
provide cover for largemouth bass. It's found mostly in clear lakes.
Sago Pondweed is very plentiful in many of the shallow lakes. Coontail is very plentiful. It gets its name from
feather-like leaves that resembles a raccoon’s tail. It's a free-floating submersed plant typically found in shallow
ponds, lakes and streams.
There are several types of emersed plants. Cattails, Duck Potato, Bacopa, Lake Hygrophila and many others.
These are usually found around the shores and shallow islands. They provide good cover for the baitfish and
gamefish including the largemouth bass.
There's also lots of free floating type plants. Some of these are both Small Duckweeds and Giant Duckweeds,
Water Shields, and American Lotus. These provide cover but keep in mind it floats across the lakes with the
There's many types of grasses, sedges and Rushes. Madencane, Sawgrass, Giant Foxtail, Soft-stem Bulrush,
and many others. They provide cover for largemouth bass and its food around the banks of many lakes.
I cannot go into it here, but many of these different types of vegetation requires different techniques to
consistently catch bass holding in and around them. Learning the most productive methods of dealing with the
vegetation, choosing the right fly, keeping your fly clear, and presenting it in the most productive areas of the
vegetation is key to success.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1. Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.
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