07/02/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.     BWOs (eastern BWOs)
2.     Cream Cahills
3.     Cinnamon Caddis
4.     Little Yellow Stoneflies
5.     Golden Stoneflies
6.     Slate Drakes
7.     Little Green Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
8.     Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
9.      Inch Worms
10.   Grasshoppers
11.   Ants
12.   Beetles





Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
In yesterday's stream and weather forecast for the coming week, I pointed out the forecast wasn't good. I
jokingly tried to state the weather forecast by chances of not having rain and thunderstorms and rain rather
than the normal method of stating it. At the same time, I stated the forecast wasn't good. I thought maybe if I
predicted more rain, things would turn out just the opposite. That worked great for yesterday. According to the
precipitation map, only a small part of the park received an appreciable amount of rain. That seemed to have
affected only the West and Middle Prongs of the Little Pigeon and the Hazel Creek watersheds and even there,
not enough to adversely affect the fishing opportunity.

I hope that pattern continues through today. As expected, and as they usually do, they increased the odds of
rain and thunderstorms. It went from 40 to 60 percent for today and to 70% for Wednesday. They also
increased the odds for Wednesday night and Thursday, Independence day, to 80%. I'll assure you that will
change to 100% as soon as they see it is raining. As a matter of fact,
there is a food watch in effect for
most of the park and surrounding areas for the last part of this week. Let's just hope the watch doesn't turn
into a warning.

When it comes to fishing, I always have an optimistic outlook. I don't like writing about warnings. I hope the
forecast is wrong and conditions remain good for those on vacation whether they are fishing or not fishing.
After watching the news and reading about the 16 campers that were killed in the 2010 Arkansas Flash Flood,
I'm also reminded that we should always hope for the best but prepare for the worst.

Currently, the streams are all in good condition. The weather is staying cool and not only are we enjoying it,
the animals seem to be enjoying it as well. From my front porch yesterday morning, I spotted a coyote across
the street. It jumped the road into our front yard and ran up to the steps of the porch I was sitting on. I stood up
from the chair I was sitting in and scared it so much that it jumped straight up and then took off up the hill by
the side of the house. In the one little area of grass across the street I refer to as my private green field, I have
just this week spotted several wild turkeys, a family of groundhogs, and the coyote. About the only thing I
haven't spotted in the green field are black bears. They tend to hang around in our yard closer to the house.
They are common. We spot them off and on throughout most of the year. At times, I feel like I'm camping out in
the wilderness, just sitting on our front porch.

The strategy for fly fishing this coming week will vary greatly depending on the type of water you choose to fish
and of course, the weather. As of now, conditions are great so, I will provide a strategy for that (the same as it
was last week) and regarding the weather forecast, hope for the best.

Start out in the morning using a Slate Drake nymph. The reason for that is there are more of these large
swimming nymphs than clingers or crawlers. Continue to fish the Slate Drake nymph until you see something
hatching. Most likely that would be Cream Cahills but possibly, Eastern Blue-winged olives or Slate Drakes but
keep in mind the Slate Drake hatch isn't important. The Slate Drake nymphs crawl out of the water to hatch
and it is a complete waste to fish an imitation of the dun. If you see Slate Drake duns, you should continue to
fish the Slate Drake nymph imitation. Later in the afternoon, near sunset, you may want to fish an imitation of
the Slate Drake spinner but only if you see them laying eggs on the water. The Eastern Blue-winged Olive
hatches are sparse and we don't consider them nearly as important as the Cream Cahills.

If and when you see any Cream Cahills or Eastern BWOs begin to hatch, switch to an emerger or dun pattern
of it. The dry fly action may continue until very late in the day, even after the hatch has ended because the
trout may continue to look for food on the surface. If it subsides, switch to a Little Yellow, Little Green  or a
Golden Stonefly nymph. If you see any of the adults of the three stoneflies during the day, the most plentiful of
them would be the nymph you should fish. Fish it near the banks of the stream. Even though they won't be
crawling out of the water to hatch until near dark, there may be plenty of them in the water very near the
banks. Fish the nymph until you start seeing stoneflies depositing their eggs on the surface of the water. Little
Yellow Stoneflies, Little Greens and/or Golden Stoneflies will not begin to emerge (crawl out of the water to
hatch) until very late in the day. If the stoneflies are dropping down and laying eggs on the water, you should
fish an adult imitation of the stonefly, but that probably won't happen until late in the afternoon.

Late in the day, after the dry fly activity slows down and hatches subside, you should also keep an eye out for
a spinner fall. If you spotted mayflies hatching, rest assured their spinners will fall late in the day or early
evening. If you see a spinner fall beginning to take place (mayflies mating - dancing up and down above the
water) or spot the spinners on the water, by all means switch to a spinner pattern of that mayfly. Again, most
likely, that would be Cream Cahills, Eastern BWOs, or Slate Drakes. If the skies are clear, the spinner falls will
occur very late, after sunset.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
Food
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1.
Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
response.

2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
need.

3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.

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