Copyright 2013 James Marsh
Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. BWOs (Little BWOs)
2. Light Cahills
3. Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams)
4. Eastern Pale Evening Duns
5. Little Short-horned Sedges
7. Green Sedges
8. Little Yellow Stoneflies
9. Golden Stoneflies
10. Slate Drakes
11. Little Green Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
12. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
13. Inch Worms
Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Note: The following strategies are based on catching the most trout in terms of quantities, not necessarily the
methods or flies that provide the most fun or the methods and flies that will catch the largest trout.
As you can see from the above list, there are still lots of aquatic insects hatching at this time. In
fact, there are as large of a variety as they will be all year long. There certainly not any need to
worry about terrestrial insects yet. It is important to know that they are not all hatching at any one
area of a stream or at any one elevation.
1. The Eastern Pale Evening Duns, Sulphurs. LIttle BWOs and Short-horned Sedges will only be
present in isolated sections of the larger streams with pools that have slow to moderately flowing
2. I've taken the American March Browns off the list but I have added the Slate Drakes which will
just be starting to hatch in the lower and middle elevation streams.
3. The Little Yellow Stoneflies will continue to hatch very late in the day and evenings. Notice that
I have removed the Giant Black Stoneflies from the list. I have added the Little Green Stoneflies.
It is time for them to start hatching. The Golden Stoneflies are also hatching at this time.
4. You should continue to see some Cinnamon Sedges and even more Green Sedges but they
will generally be sparse hatches and only be present in isolated sections of the lower and middle
The main hatches will be Little Yellow Stoneflies, Golden Stoneflies, Little Yellow Stoneflies, Light
Cahills and fairly soon, maybe anytime now, Slate Drakes.
The strategy will also vary greatly depending on the type of water you choose to fish. With the
current water temperatures, you can choose to fish just about anywhere in the park and expect
some success. I would suggest you eliminate the lowest elevations. If you fish the larger streams
in the middle and upper lower elevations, you will need to focus on the insects I mentioned
above that will be present in those types of streams. If you fish faster flowing pocket water in the
upper lower, middle and higher elevation streams, focus on the Little Yellow Stoneflies and Light
Cahills. At this time, we think your best odds of success exist in the streams in the middle to
higher elevations with fast, pocket water.
Here is our suggested strategy. Start out in the morning using a Light Cahill nymph. The reason
for that is there are more clinger nymphs that swimmers or crawlers in the fast pocket water.
Continue to fish the nymph until you see something hatching. Most likely that would be Light
Cahills, but possibly Slate Drakes. That would start happening around 2:00 to 3:00 PM (the
Cahills, the Slate Drakes anytime of the day). If and when you see the Light Cahills begin to
hatch, switch to an emerger or dun pattern of it. If it is a Slate Drake you see hatching, they have
crawled out of the water to hatch just like a stonefly. It will not do you any good to imitate them
except with a nymph until near dark when you would use a spinner. Stick with the emerger or dry
mayfly dun until it is obvious the Cahill hatch has ended.
Please note that if you want to improve your catch, forget to old time generic
trout flies that's all the fly shops have to sell (all the wholesale companies can
import) and try using our Perfect Flies. Ninety-five percent of the thousands of
our customers that have tried them, continue to use nothing else.
The dry fly action may continue until very late in the day even after the hatch has ended because
the trout may continue to feed on the surface. If it subsides, switch to a Little Yellow Stonefly
nymph. Fish it near the banks of the stream. Even though they won't be crawling out of the water
to hatch until near dark, they will be plenty of them in the water very near the banks. Fish the
nymph until you start seeing stoneflies depositing their eggs on the surface of the water.
Note: Even though you may see a lot of stoneflies throughout the morning and the middle of
the day, you can rest assured they won't be hatching at that time. They will be adults that
hatched previously and unless they are on the surface of the water depositing eggs, and even
though you may be able to catch a trout or two imitating the adults, you should ignore them and
fish the nymph. Little Yellow Stoneflies, Little Greens and/or Golden Stoneflies will not begin to
emerge (crawl out of the water to hatch) until it is very late in the day.
If the stoneflies are dropping down and laying eggs on the water, you should fish an adult
imitation of the stonefly, but that probably won't happen until late in the afternoon.
Late in the day, after the dry fly activity slows down and hatches subside, you should also keep
an eye out for a spinner fall. If you saw mayflies hatching, rest assured their spinners will fall late
in the day or early evening. If you see one beginning to take place (mayflies mating - dancing up
and down above the water) or spot the spinners on the water, by all means switch to a spinner
pattern of that mayfly. Again, most likely, that would be LIght Cahills or Slate Drakes. If the skies
are clear, the spinner falls will occur very late, after sunset.
Very late in the day, it's possible, and maybe even likely, that spinners may be falling and
stoneflies may be laying eggs at the same time. If you stay hidden, and use either a spinner
imitation or adult stonefly imitation under those circumstances, you should be able to catch trout
about as fast as you can cast, hook and release them.
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1. Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.
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