Copyright 2013 James Marsh
Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. BWOs (Little BWOs)
2. Giant Black Stoneflies
3. Light Cahills
4. Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams)
5. Eastern Pale Evening Duns
6. Little Short-horned Sedges
7. American March Browns
9. Green Sedges
10. Little Yellow Stoneflies
11. Golden Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
12. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
13. Inch Worms
Fly Fishing School - Smallmouth Bass Habitat - Part 2
Successful fly fishing strategies for smallmouth bass requires a knowledge of where the fish live and the
types of habitat they prefer. In general, this is clear, clean water but of course, that's only a starting
requirement. They live in both streams and lakes but you won't find them in small ponds unless they are very
deep. Even lakes that are shallower than 25 feet rarely hold smallmouth bass.
In the northern part of the United States, smallmouth bass prefer water ranging from 67 to 71 degrees F.
You will rarely find them in water over 80. In the southern states, smallmouth are known to live in water
ranging as high as 78 to 84 degrees F. The reason this is common is that the deep, cool water in most
southern lakes doesn't have enough oxygen for the smallmouth. Many of the lakes do not have
thermoclines. Smallmouth bass will feed very little in water temperatures below 50 degrees. At 40 degrees,
you will find them almost inactive.
Oxygen plays a role with the smallmouth bass that's different from largemouth. The largemouth can tolerate
an oxygen content of 2.0 parts per million but the smallmouth can't. It needs at least 2.5. Both feeding and
the growth of smallmouth bass is reduced in water of less than 5.0 parts per million.
One thing that's different in smallmouth and largemouth bass is their preference for current. Smallmouth
prefer moderate current. It is a little slower than that preferred by trout, but faster than that preferred by
largemouth bass. You can just about always count on more smallmouth being in pools with current than
those without any current. Lakes that hold smallmouth will usually be found near the mouths of rivers or
creeks with some current. If this doesn't exist, you can just about count on them being more active where
wind is adding some current. Many of the smallmouth bass lakes in the South are formed by upstream
tailwaters that have current created by discharges of water from dams upstream and sometimes, both
upstream and downstream.
Water clarity is very important and much different from that largemouth bass will tolerate. They will tolerate
murky water for a short period of time, but they won't live in water that stays murky. If the visibility is less than
a foot on the average, you can rest assured you won't find smallmouth bass.
One of the most important habitat features is the type of bottom the stream or lake has. The preferred
bottom is clean rock and gravel. One reason is that this type of bottom generally has crayfish, dragonfly and
hellgrammites. If the lake or river has sandy areas of bottom, the smallmouth will often hold there but there's
usually rock and gravel nearby. The sandy type bottoms hold baitfish and that also can be important food for
the smallmouth. They prefer sandy bottoms with some vegetation but not lots of it. Sparse areas of
vegetation are preferred.
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1. Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.
Shipping is free in the U. S. for all
orders of any size. Orders over $50
are shipped free via Priority Mail.