Copyright 2013 James Marsh
05/21/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Giant Black Stoneflies
3.    Light Cahills
4.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams)
5.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Sulphurs
9.    Green Sedges
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Golden Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
12.   Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
13.   Inch Worms



Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
The purpose of a fly is to fool trout into taking it for something they normally eat. If it's a wild, stream-born
trout, such as those that exist in the streams of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, then most often that
would be one of the aquatic insects that exist in the streams.
That being the case, it shouldn't take a
genius to figure out that the more a fly looks like one of the natural aquatic insects in the stream,
the higher the odds it will fool the trout.

It shouldn't take a genius to figure out that this imitation of a Little Yellow Stonefly
















will fool a lot more trout, than this imitation of a Little Yellow Stonefly.























When there are adult Little Yellow Stoneflies on the surface of the water ovipositing, or laying eggs, both
flies will catch trout. Both flies have a foam body that floats well.
IQ Test: Which one of the above flies do you think will fool the most trout?


Now to the Suggested Strategies for the coming week:

Note: The following strategies are based on the stream levels remaining at wadable levels and if the
weather forecast is accurate, that should be the case for the next week. They are also based on catching
the most trout in terms of quantities, not necessarily the methods or flies will provide the most fun or which
the methods of flies that will catch the largest trout.

As you can see from the above list, there are still are lots of aquatic insects hatching at this time but it is
important to know that they are not all hatching at any one section of a stream.
1. The Eastern Pale Evening Duns, Sulphurs. LIttle BWOs and Short-horned Sedges will only be present in
isolated sections of the larger streams with pools that have slow to moderately flowing water.
2.The American March Browns will continue to hatch to some extent in the mid to high elevation pocket water
streams but they will be sparse.
3. The Little Yellow Stoneflies will continue to hatch very late in the day and evenings along with some much
larger Giant Black Stoneflies.
4. Golden Stoneflies should start hatching any day now.
5. You should see some Cinnamon and Green Sedges but they will generally be sparse hatches and only be
present in isolated sections of the lower and middle elevation streams.

The main hatches will continue to be Little Yellow Stoneflies and Light Cahills. That written, you don't want to
be caught digging through you fly boxes looking for something close to what you should have but don't have
in a situation where something other than the Little Yellow Stoneflies or Light Cahills are hatching.

The strategy will also vary greatly depending on the type of water you choose to fish. With the current water
temperatures, you can choose to fish just about anywhere in the park and expect some success. If you fish
the larger streams in the middle and lower elevations,  you will need to focus on the insects I mentioned
above that will be present in those types of streams. If you fish faster flowing pocket water in the upper lower,
middle and higher elevation streams, focus on the Little Yellow Stoneflies and Light Cahills.  At this time, we
think your best odds of success exist in the streams in the middle elevations with fast, pocket water.

Start out in the morning using a Light Cahill nymph. The reason for that is there are more clinger nymphs
that swimmers or crawlers in the fast pocket water. Continue to fish the nymph until you see something
hatching. Most likely that would be Light Cahills, but possibly the American March Browns. That would start  
happening around 2:00 to 3:00 PM. If and when you see either of these mayflies begin to hatch, switch to an
emerger or dun pattern of it. Stick with the emerger or dry mayfly dun until it is obvious the hatch had ended.

The dry fly action may continue until very late in the day even after the hatch has ended because the trout
may continue to feed on the surface. If it subsides, switch to a Little Yellow Stonefly nymph. Fish it near the
banks of the stream. Even though they won't be crawling out of the water to hatch until near dark, they will
be plenty of them in the water very near the banks. Fish the nymph until you start seeing stoneflies
depositing their eggs on the surface of the water.

Note: Even though you may see a lot of Little Yellow stoneflies throughout the morning and the middle of
the day, you can rest assured they won't be hatching at that time. They will be adults that hatched previously
and unless they are on the surface of the water depositing eggs, and even though you may be able to catch
a trout or two imitating the adults,  you should ignore them and fish the nymph. The Giant Blacks, Little
Yellow Stoneflies, and/or Golden Stoneflies will not begin to emerge (crawl out of the water to hatch)
until it is very late in the day.

If the stoneflies are dropping down and laying eggs on the water, you should fish an adult imitation of the
stonefly, but that probably won't happen until late in the afternoon.

Late in the day, after the dry fly activity slows down and hatches subside, you should also keep an eye out
for a spinner fall. If you saw mayflies hatching, rest assurred their spinners will fall late in the day or early
evening. If you see one beginning to take place (mayflies mating - dancing up and down above the
water) or spot the spinners on the water, by all means switch to a spinner pattern of that mayfly. Again, most
likely, that would be LIght Cahills or American March Browns. If the skies are clear, the spinner falls will occur
very late, after sunset.

Very late in the day, it's possible, and maybe even likely, that both spinners may be falling and stoneflies
may be laying eggs at the same time. If you stay hidden, and use either a spinner imitation or adult stonefly
imitation under those circumstances, you should be able to catch trout about as fast as you can cast, hook
and release them.
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
Food
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1.
Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
response.

2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
need.

3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.

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