Copyright 2013 James Marsh
05/14/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Giant Black Stoneflies
3.    Light Cahills
4.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams)
5.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Sulphurs
9.    Green Sedges
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Golden Stoneflies
Most available - Other types of food:
12.   Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
13.   Inch Worms



Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies to Use - Coming Week
I have added Golden Stoneflies and Green Sedges to the above list of insects. I deleted the Green Drakes
(Abrams Creek) because I am fairly sure the hatch has ended. You may have noticed that last week I also
added inch worms. I did that because I have been seeing them in the trees in our yard which is close to the
park.

Right now the list is about as long as it will ever get. That means you can expect multiple hatches at most
locations. Of course, not all the above insects are available or hatching at any one location. It won't be long
before the list will start getting shorter on aquatic insects but they will gradually be replaced by terrestrials
that will become more and more abundant.

I checked the weather forecast again this morning and it has actually slightly improved The 40% chance of
rain for Thursday has been decreased to 30% and although the chances average about 20% almost
everyday through the weekend, it indicates the thunderstorms are probably going to be isolated and the
results should be that at least most of the streams should continue to drop. The water temperature isn't
going to be a factor at all. The daily lows should be about 50 degrees and the highs near 80 for the next few
days. The hatches have returned to a very normal schedule.

Although there are lots of insects listed above, the Eastern Pale Evening Duns, Sulphurs. LIttle BWOs and
Short-horned Sedges will only be present in isolated sections of the larger streams with pools that have slow
to moderately flowing water. The American March Browns will continue to hatch in the mid to high elevation
pocket water streams but they will be sparse. The Little Yellow Stoneflies will continue to hatch very late in
the day and evenings along with some much larger Giant Black Stoneflies. Golden Stoneflies should start
hatching any day now. You should see some Cinnamon and Green Sedges but they will generally be sparse
hatches and only be present in isolated sections of the lower and middle elevation streams. The main
hatches will continue to be Little Yellow Stoneflies and Light Cahills.

Strategy:
The strategy will vary greatly depending on the type of water you choose to fish. With the current water
temperatures, you can choose to fish just about anywhere in the park and expect some success. If you fish
the larger streams in the middle and lower elevations,  you will need to focus on the insects I mentioned
above that will be present in those types of streams. If you fish faster flowing pocket water in the upper lower,
middle and higher elevation streams, focus on the Little Yellow Stoneflies and Light Cahills.  

Important:
As I frequently mention, I am basing the suggested strategy on your being able to catch the largest
number of trout possible.
 It wouldn't be the same strategy you would use if you strictly wanted to focus
on catching large trout. It wouldn't be the same strategy if you only wanted to fish the very small brook trout
streams.

Fish the middle elevation streams with fast flowing pocket water. The majority of them have fast flowing
pocket water.

Start out in the morning using a Light Cahill nymph. The reason for that is there are more clinger nymphs
that swimmers or crawlers in the fast pocket water. Continue to fish the nymph until you see something
hatching. Most likely that would be Light Cahills or possibly American March Browns. That would start  
happening around 2:00 to 3:00 PM. If and when you see either of these mayflies begin to hatch, switch to an
emerger or dun pattern of it. Stick with the emerger or dry mayfly dun until it is obvious the hatch had ended.

The dry fly action may continue until very late in the day even after the hatch has ended because the trout
may continue to feed on the surface. If it subsides, switch to a Little Yellow Stonefly nymph. Fish it near the
banks of the stream. Even though they are not crawling out of the water to hatch until near dark, they are in
the water very near the banks. Fish the nymph until you start seeing stoneflies depositing their eggs.

Note that even though you may see a lot of Little Yellow stoneflies throughout the morning and the middle of
the day, you can rest assured they are not currently hatching. They are adults that hatched previously and
unless they are on the surface of the water depositing eggs, you should ignore them. The Giant Blacks,
Little Yellow Stoneflies, and/or Golden Stoneflies will not begin to emerge (crawl out of the water to hatch)
until it is very late in the day. If the stoneflies are dropping down and laying eggs on the water, you should
fish an adult imitation of the stonefly, but that probably won't happen until late afternoon.

Late in the day, after the dry fly activity slows down and hatches subside, you should always keep an eye out
for a spinner fall. If you see one beginning to take place (mayflies mating - dancing up and down above the
water) or spot the spinners on the water, by all means switch to a spinner pattern of that mayfly. Again, most
likely, that would be LIght Cahills or American March Browns. If the skies are clear, the spinner falls will occur
very late, after sunset.

Very late in the day, it's possible, and maybe even likely, that both spinners may be falling and stoneflies
may be laying eggs at the same time. If you stay hidden, and use either a spinner imitation or adult stonefly
imitation under those circumstances, you should be able to catch trout about as fast as you can cast, hook
and release them.
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
Food
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1.
Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
response.

2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
need.

3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.

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