04/23/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Giant Black Stoneflies
3.    Light Cahills
4.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams)
5.    Hendricksons/Red Quills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams)
Most available - Other types of food:
9.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)






Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Hatches will vary greatly depending on the elevation. I would start out with a swimmer or crawler mayfly
nymph in preference to a clinger nymph. I would still choose a size 18 to 20 Blue-winged Olive nymph
because I know several different species of them are still very plentiful and available. There are exceptions
to this. If you know for a fact that Hendricksons are hatching in a certain location, by all means start out with
a Hendrickson nymph. Next in priority to that, if you know for a fact that either the American March Browns or
Light Cahills are hatching, this means the nymphs have moved out from under the rocks and their normal
hiding places and are available for the trout to eat. In this case, choose an A. March Brown or Light Cahill
nymph to fish.

You should fish the BWO nymph or one of the other nymphs per the above, until you notice something
hatching. Most likely that will be a few American March Browns and in the lowest elevations, maybe a Light
Cahill. If you find a mayfly species hatching, switch to either an emerger or dun imitation of that insect, or if
it's a caddisfly, a pupa imitation. The Giant Black Stoneflies won't hatch (crawl out of the water) until right at
dark. In the lowest elevations, it is possible you may see some Little Yellow Stoneflies. They too will start
hatching very late in the day and they too crawl out of the water to emerge into adults.

Late in the afternoon, after the hatches have ended, change flies to a spinner imitation of the mayfly that
hatched in the most plentiful quantities, or in the case of a Short-horned Sedge or Cinnamon Caddis hatch,
an imitation of the adult.

If you follow this strategy, you should be able to catch a decent number of trout this coming week. If not, you
may end up as many often do, frustrated with lower than anticipated success. I'll repeat this again. This isn't
a cure-all article. It isn't just a matter of choosing the right fly. That's only a step in the right direction. You
have to know how to present the imitation the most effective way, in the right areas of the stream and at the
right time. Detailed information is available on our Perfect Fly website regarding how to go about fishing
each of the flies I suggested.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
Food
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