Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. BWOs (Little BWOs)
2. Little Brown Stoneflies
3. Blue Quills
4. Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams)
5. Hendricksons/Red Quills
6. Little Short-horned Sedges
7. American March Browns
Most available - Other types of food:
8. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
This Week's Featured Trout Food - Cinnamon Caddis
The Cinnamon Caddisflies, or Cinnamon Sedges whichever name you prefer, are the most common
caddisflies found in the Eastern United States. They have a very long hatch period that last up to three
months on some streams. It's a net-spinning caddisfly that is found in tailwaters, some spring creeks and
many freestone streams including the streams of the Smokies. Imitations of this caddisfly is a must for
Eastern trout anglers.
On most trout streams in the nation, the ceratopsyche species and the very similar hydropsyche species,
would represent the majority of the caddisflies available for trout to eat. In some streams they would even
represent the majority of the food the trout have to eat. This is especially true of tailwaters or any stream
with a higher pH level.
These caddisflies need plankton to survive and acidic, freestone streams that don't have a lot of plankton is
about the only trout streams that don't have them in decent quantities. Of course, this includes most of the
streams in the Smokies with the exception of Abrams Creek. It has plenty of them. All the streams in the park
have a few of them but they are much more plentiful where the pH levels are not so low. To make this simple
for you, consider this. If you find the rocks in the stream you are fishing are slick and you have trouble
wading without slipping down, you can be assured that there will be a good population of net-spinning
caddisflies. In the Eastern United States and parts of the Mid-west, most of these net-spinners will be
species of the ceratopsyche genus of caddisflies. There are many species of them in this genera but they
are all very similar.
The different species hatch at different times from about the middle of April until the middle of September,
depending on what part of the nation you are fishing. A big reason for their importance is the fact trout eat
them in three stages of their life. They eat the larva, pupa and adults. This means the Cinnamon Caddisflies
are available for the trout to eat most of the time. The larvae don't build cases as such, rather shelters. They
expose themselves on silk lines extended from near their shelters to enable them to feed. They catch their
food in tiny nets that filter the water.
The larvae build tiny nets on rocks that catch their food in the current. They look similar to an open
parachute except they are spread out in a horizontal directions against the current.. Sometimes the larvae
are in a shelter they have built near the net and sometimes they are strung out from their shelter a few
inches on a silk line. They are very much available for the trout to eat.
The pupae of the Cinnamon Caddisflies swim to the surface to hatch. They are fully exposed and very
available for the trout to eat at that time. This is the best time to imitate the Cinnamon Caddisflies because
the pupae are completely defenseless and trout eat them like humans eat popcorn and peanuts.
The adult Cinnamon Caddisflies, whichever name you prefer, become most important when the females are
depositing their eggs. They do this two different ways. They deposit them on the surface of the water or by
diving to the bottom to paste their eggs on rocks. We think this depends on the particular species of which
there are many.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1. Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.
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orders of any size. Orders over $50
are shipped free via Priority Mail.
Perfect Fly Cinnamon Caddis Larva
Perfect Fly Cinnamon Caddis Adult
Perfect Fly Cinnamon Caddis Pupa