Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1. BWOs (Little BWOs
2. Little Brown Stoneflies
3. Quill Gordons
4. Blue Quills
5. Little Black Caddis
6. Hendricksons/Red Quills
7. Little Short-horned Sedges
8. American March Browns
Most available - Other types of food:
9. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
Fly Fishing School - Some Wading Basics
The small streams of Great Smoky Mountains National Park are tough to fish from the banks, mainly
because there's few areas the banks are clear enough of trees and bushes for one to make a decent cast. If
it wasn't for that, you could cast all the way across any of them and you would probably be better off to fish
from the banks. Most of the time, it's best and usually even necessary to wade the streams but doing so,
also adds to the problems involved with catching trout. Wading is an easy and fast way to spook trout. The
trout can see you both under the water and above the water. They can also hear your boots scrape the
rocks on the bottom, or move the sand and gravel around as you wade. If you are fishing slower flowing,
calmer sections of water such as the pools, your wake can spook trout.
My rule of thumb is to never wade unless it's necessary for you to get into position to make a good
presentation to areas of the water you think are holding trout. If you can reach the same areas of water and
get a good drift casting from the banks, by all means do so. In the Smokies, that means you will be wading
99 percent of the time. The heavy growth of trees and bushes along most of the banks of the streams
makes casting from the bank just about impossible. There are nine different species of rhododendrons that
live in the park and many of them completely enclose the small streams. In most other areas, there is timber
growing right up to the banks of the streams. This is a very good thing because if it were not for that, many
of the streams would not support trout during the hot summer months. The water would be too warm for the
trout to survive if the streams were not shaded from the sun by the trees and bushes growing near the
banks. Here's some tips on wading:
When you wade, be certain to fish the water near the banks before you enter the water. A common mistake
novice anglers make is to walk up to a stream, wade out into the center of the stream and start casting. If
you do that, you probably spooked trout before you made the first cast. Plan your approach. Before you
enter the water, stop and look at the stream. Figure out your best approach to get into position to where you
can cast to the likely holding and feeding areas you need fish.
Never cast while you are taking steps wading. You can't concentrate on watching the bottom where your
wading and casting at the same time. If you cast while you continue taking steps wading, you will eventually
make a bad cast or trip, stumble or even fall. Stop casting and look at the water where you are going to each
Wading can be dangerous. Never wade when you question the water depth or its speed. Use the knee deep
rule. If there's much current, don't wade if the water is over knee deep. Stop casting when you move and
look at the bottom area ahead of you. Move slowly. This is not only the safest way, its necessary to keep
from spooking the trout.
Everyone has to get used to wading fast water trout streams. The more you wade, the easier it is to do. If
you do very much up it, you will find it also takes some strong leg muscles. You will use muscles you aren't
used to using. Climbing up and down and over rocks gives you legs a good workout. The pressure of the
current and the added weight of the waders and boots will tire you out until you get used to it. Never wade
when you are tired. That's a huge mistake. If you are tired and you end up slipping or falling down, you
certainly don't want to be tired. You will need all the strength you can come up with.
Wear a wading belt tight around your waist. If you fall in the water without a tight wading belt, water will run
down into your waders filling them with several pounds of water in just a few seconds. Try standing up with
your waders full of water. It makes it difficult if not impossible to do. The wading belt will keep the legs and
waist area of your waders from filling up with water.
A wading staff can come in handy, especially if the current is fairly strong. It can help you keep your balance.
I don't use one, but there have been times I wish I had one with me.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
More Options For Selecting Flies:
1. Email us with the dates you will be
fishing the park and we will send
you a list of our fly suggestions.
Please allow up to 24 hours for a
2. Call us at 800-594-4726 and we
will help you decide which flies you
3. Call or email us with a budget for
flies and we will select them and get
them to you in time for your trip.
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