04/02/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Midges
3.    Little Brown Stoneflies
4.    Quill Gordons
5.    Blue Quills
6.    Little Black Caddis
7.    Hendricksons/Red Quills

Most available - Other types of food:
8.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)







Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
A look at the USGS station real-time stream data this morning shows the streams are falling but not as fast
as I thought they would. I'm sure that's a results of the high water table. The Smokies are very saturated.
They should be down to a safe wading level in a couple of days or so. I'm assuming the front moving though
Thursday will not significantly add to the high water levels, although I'm probably being very optimistic about
it.

This means there's two very basic conditions that should affect your strategy depending on the water levels
when you fish this coming week - fishing water you can't wade and hopefully, water you can wade.  

First, If the water is too high to wade:
If nothing is hatching and there is no egg laying or spinner falls taking place - and if the water has any stain
to it, or if it is during low light conditions such as early or late, or heavy clouds cover the sky, I suggest you
fish a streamer. The Perfect Fly White Belly Sculpin would be a good one. If the water is clear and too high
to wade and the skies are bright, and If there is something hatching, or depositing eggs, or spinners are
falling, by all means imitate it as best you can from the banks. You may have to move around a lot to do that.
I call it the "hit and run" approach, meaning I  would check all the areas I could where the banks are clear
enough to present a fly.

One other option you may use as soon as the water falls a little more, is to fish one of the very small, low to
mid-elevation streams. There are plenty of them on both sides of the park to choose from.

If the Water can be safely waded, or if you see any hatches, egg laying or spinner falls taking
place and you can only fish from the banks:
I would start out with a Quill Gordon nymph #12, or Blue-winged Olive nymph, #16 or #20, depending on the
elevation your fishing. By that, I mean that if your fishing a low elevation, chances are the QGs may have
finished hatching. In that case, I would fish a BWO nymph. Because of this, my advise is to fish a middle
elevation stream this weekend. I think the odds are better for more Blue Quill and Quill Gordon hatches in
the middle elevations.

There have been a few Hendrickson/Red Quill hatches occurring in the streams that have these mayflies.
For the most part, these will take place in the pools. If your fishing the right area for this mayfly, you may
want to use a Hendrickson nymph. These are crawler nymphs are will be out exposed and available for the
trout to eat, but again, only if your fishing the right type of water for them.

Fish a nymph up until you see a hatch occurring and in that case, switch to the appropriate emerger or  dun
provided it's a Quill G, Blue Q, Hend, or BWO mayfly hatch. If it's a Little Black Caddis hatch, switch to a
pupa imitation of the Little Black Caddis.

If any of the above mayflies are hatching, there will be a spinner fall that late afternoon and you should make
certain you fish it. The time it will occur depends on the sky (light) conditions. If you find Little Black Caddis
hatching, chances are there will be some egg laying taking place late that afternoon, but not always. They
can live for a few days and it depends on the stage of the hatch. If you see any laying eggs, by all means
fish an adult imitation of it.

I don't want to call it a mistake, rather a matter of choice, but the biggest problem I see in anglers catching
high numbers of trout is
they tend to fish a dry fly far more than they should. It's just a fact, provided it
is done right, you will catch more trout using a subsurface presentation, even when conditions are at their
best, There isn't anything wrong with fishing a dry fly all day, every day. Just don't complain about the fishing
being poor or bad if you fail to catch as many trout as you think you should. Your the one doing the "fishing"
and your the one not using the most effective strategy. In short, your a "poor or slow" fisherman. To say the
fishing is slow or poor is stupid. Even though the majority of anglers would like to blame the fish, your less
than satisfactory success won't have anything to do with the trout.
Once you understand that, you
should be able to begin to improve your success.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily
Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream
Conditions Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies -
Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing
Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout
Food
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