03/31/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Midges
3.    Little Brown Stoneflies
4.    Quill Gordons
5.    Blue Quills
6.    Little Black Caddis
7.    Hendricksons/Red Quills

Most available - Other types of food:
8.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)






Fly Fishing School - This Week's Featured Trout Food
Since I brought up the Hendricksons and Red Quills yesterday, a week or so late, I will write about them this
morning. I explained yesterday that this isn't two different mayflies even though you may even think so when
you see both of them together. They are two common names for the same species, the
Ephemerella
subvaria.
The female is often confused with the American March Brown which start hatching a little later in
the Smokies.

Remember, the male is the smaller of the two. In real life, the male and female look like two completely
different mayflies. Of course, the size is the main big difference. The females are larger by a hook size. The
hatch takes place when the water is between 50 and 55 degrees F. It needs to remain within that
temperature range for three or four days for it to occur, and the time of the season needs to be near the
normal hatch time or otherwise, you may see them earlier or later. The water temperature will often get that
high during the Spring only to fall back down and the fully developed nymphs will continue to hatch.

The color of the male's abdomen is much darker, has a red tint to it and is slimmer than the female. The
female abdomen is more of a cream color with a slight red or dark green tint. The big red tomato color eyes
of the male makes more of a difference than it actually is but this makes it easy to distinguish or identify the
males and the females. The females have very small eyes.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
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Many anglers get the duns and spinners mixed up. They too, are look different from each other, but I will get to
that next week. Below are our Perfect Fly imitations of the male and female duns. As you can see, the main
difference is the color of their abdomens. The female's abdomen is much lighter than the males. Many may
think the color of the abdomen doesn't make much difference but when you stop and think that these  hatch
from moderate flows, not fast water, you should be aware the trout can get a  good look at  them.
Hendrickson or Female Dun
Red Quill or Male Dun
Perfect fly Hendrickson Dun - female
Perfect fly Red Quill Dun - male
The easiest way to distinguish between the duns is by the size
and color of their eyes.
Both male and female duns are on the water at the same time and the color of the imitation of the dun doesn't make
that much difference. In the case of the spinners, it does. They too, look entirely different but for the most part, they
are on the water at different times. The color of the spinners can make a huge difference. I'll cover that very soon.
Perfect fly Hendrickson Spinner - female
Perfect fly Hendrickson Spinner - female