01/22/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Midges
3.    Little Winter Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
4.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)



Fly Fishing Strategies - Which Flies To Use - Coming Week
I will be very short and sweet since I have already written this and erased it once this morning.

The next few days will be cold as you probably noticed in yesterday's article. I doubt the water will get over 45
degrees even in the lower elevations of the park for the next few days.

I would start with a cream midge larva imitation. I would stick with it until I noticed any midges hatching. At that
point you should change to an imitation of the cream midge pupa. You may see some mating and egg laying
and if so, you could try an adult imitation of the cream midge but due to the low water temperature, it will be
unlikely that the trout will take them from the surface when they can eat the emerging pupae.

We have observed hundreds of kick net samples with midges in the park. Most of them are a shade of cream
ranging from almost brown down to very light colors. They all are segmented with bands of usually darker
color segmentation. About 75% of them fit this category but there are many other colors. We found a few light
green shades. There are almost none that are red. They are usually burrowers that need soft, silty bottoms.

If you notice any Winter Stoneflies in the bushes, trees, or on the banks or rocks, switch to an imitation of the
Winter Stonefly nymph. They will be either a hook size 18 or 16, depending on the particular species of the
Capniidae family. There are a few different species of Winter stoneflies that will hatch in the Smokies.

Like most all stoneflies, the nymphs will come out from their hiding places underneath the rocks to fully
develop their wing pads. After a week or two, they begin to crawl out of the water to hatch. When this is
happening, and it is happening now, they become an easy target of the trout.

During the daytime these stonefly nymphs are holding in water out of the current, usually on the bottom.
That's where you want to fish your fly - right on the bottom.

These little nymphs start crawling out of the water to hatch under low light conditions which is usually late in
the afternoons near dark. They hatch throughout the night.

If you are fishing from the bank, stay well back off the bank or otherwise you may spook the trout feeding on
the nymphs. If your wading, stay well away from the bank you are fishing for the same reason. The areas of
water they hold in during the day is usually very near the banks.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream Conditions
Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies - Which
Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout Food
"Perfect Fly" Winter
Stonefly Nymph
"Perfect Fly" Adult
Cream Midge
"Perfect Fly" Cream
Midge Larva
"Perfect Fly" Cream
Midge Pupa
"Perfect Fly" Adult
Winter Stonefly Nymph